Stability of colloidal systems - a review of the stability measurements methods

Jakub Matusiak, Elżbieta Grządka


The stability of colloidal systems is very important in numerous already existing and new formulations. In most cases if such systems are not characterized by an appropriate stability they can not find any useful applications. The opposite process to the stabilization is the flocculation. Generally, it is undesirable. However, in a few cases the flocculation is very useful, for example in  the wastewater treatment. That is why the methods used to determine stabilizing-flocculating properties of the colloidal systems are of significant importance.

The paper describes types of stability and flocculation as well as the factors influencing those processes, e.g. the addition of polymers or surfactants. The methods presented in this paper are UV-VIS spectrophotometry,  turbidimetry, zeta potential and density measurements.


stability; colloids; zeta potential; turbidimetry; spectroscopy

Full Text:



E. Dickinson, „Colloids in Food: Ingredients, Structure, and Stability”, Annual Review of Food Science and Technology, Vol. 6, p. 211-233, 2015.

P. Somasundran, B. Markovic, S. Krishnakumar, X. Yu, „Handbook of surface and colloid chemistry”, CRC Press, , p. 127–192, Boca Raton, 1997.

V. Uskoković, Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, 33, 1762-1786, (2012).

E. Grządka, Colloid and Polymer Science, 293, 2845–2853, (2015).

D.H. Napper, Polymeric stabilization of colloidal dispersions, Academic Press, London, 1983.

P. Somasundaran, „Encyclopedia of surface and colloid science”, Taylor & Francis, New York, 2006.

E. Grządka, Cellulose, 18, 291–308, (2011).

E. Grządka, Cellulose, 21, 1641–1654, (2014).

M. Wiśniewska, K. Terpiłowski, S. Chibowski, T. Urban, V. Zarko, V.M. Gun’ko, Central Europen Journal of Chemistry, 11, 101–110, (2013).

M. Wiśniewska, S. Chibowski, T. Urban, Reactive and Functional Polymers, 72, 791–798, (2012).

M. Wiśniewska, S. Chibowski, T. Urban, Thin Solid Films, 520, 6158–6164, (2012).

M. Wiśniewska, S. Chibowski, T. Urban, Adsorption, 16, 321–332, (2010).

P. Somasundaran, X. Yu, S. Krishnakumar, Colloids and Surfaces, 133, 125–133, (1998).

B.V. Derajaguin, L.D. Landau, Acta Physicochimica, 14, 633–662, (1941).

E.J.W. Verwey, J.Th.G. Overbeek, „Theory of stability of lyophobic colloids”, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1948.

J.L. Ortega-Vinuesa , A. Martin-Rodrigues, R. Hidalgo-Alvarez, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 184, 259-267, (1996).

E. Grządka, Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 18, 445–453, (2015).

T. Sato, R. Ruch, „Stabilization Of Colloidal Dispersion By Polymer Adsorption”, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1980.

A.M. Sung, I. Piirma, Langmuir, 10, 1393-1398, (1994).

R. Evnas, D.H. Napper (1973) Kolloid-Zeitschrift und Zeitschrift für Polymere, 251, 409-414, (1973).

A.N. Semenov, A.A. Shvets, Soft Matter, 11, 8863-8878, (2015).

TurbiscanLAB Expert brochure.

I. Nurdin, MATEC Web of Conferences, 39, (2016).

I.M. Tucker, J.C.W. Corbett, J. Fatkin, R.O. Jack, M. Kaszuba, B. MacCreath, F. McNeil-Watson, Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, 20, 215–226, (2015).

M. Pawlik, J.S. Laskowski, A. Ansari, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 260, 251-258, (2003).

Data publikacji: 2017-12-08 10:35:22
Data złożenia artykułu: 2017-03-06 14:39:35


Total abstract view - 1757
Downloads (from 2020-06-17) - PDF - 618



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Jakub Matusiak, Elżbieta Grządka