Time–frequency Analysis of the EMG Digital Signals

Wiesława Kuniszyk-Jóźkowiak, Janusz Jaszczuk, Tomasz Sacewicz, Ireneusz Codello

Abstract


In the article comparison of time-frequency spectra of EMG signals obtained by the following methods: Fast Fourier Transform, predictive analysis and wavelet analysis is presented. The EMG spectra of biceps and triceps while an adult man was flexing his arm were analysed. The advantages of the predictive analysis were shown as far as averaging of the spectra and determining the main maxima are concerned. The Continuous Wavelet Transform method was applied, which allows for the proper distribution of the scales, aiming at an accurate analysis and localisation of frequency maxima as well as the identification of impulses which are characteristic of such signals (bursts) in the scale of time. The modified Morlet wavelet was suggested as the mother wavelet. The wavelet analysis allows for the examination of the changes in the frequency spectrum in particular stages of the muscle contraction. Predictive analysis may also be very useful while smoothing and averaging the EMG signal spectrum in time.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10065-012-0001-7
Data publikacji: 2012-01-01 00:00:00
Data złożenia artykułu: 2016-04-28 09:07:37


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