The relations between Latin America and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Edyta Chwiej

Resumen


Terrorism is one of the most important problems facing the world. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant is one of the most dangerous jihadist groups. It controls large parts of territory in Syria and Iraq. In June 2014 the group declared the creation of a caliphate and shortened its name to Islamic State to reflect its expansionist ambitions.
This article presents the short history of ISIS, its structure and the source of financing. Moreover, it describes the relations between the Islamic State and the Latin America and the Caribbean region. Although there are not many links, we may say that they really exist. The future relations depend mainly on effectiveness of the the international community in its fight against the expansion of ISIS.


RESUMEN
El terrorismo es uno de los desafíos más importantes que encara el mundo. El Estado Islámico de Irak y del Levante es uno de los grupos yihadistas más peligrosos. Este grupo controla una gran parte del territorio de Siria e Irak. En junio de 2014 el grupo declaró la creación del califato y cambió su nombre al de Estado Islámico para reflejar sus ambiciones expansionistas.
Este artículo presenta la breve historia de ISIS, su estructura y la fuente de financiación. Además, describe las relaciones entre el Estado Islámico y la región de América Latina y el Caribe. Aunque no hay muchos vínculos, pero algunos sí existen. Las futuras relaciones dependerán principalmente de la efectividad de la comunidad internacional en la lucha contra la expansión de ISIS.


Palabras clave


ISIS; Latin America and the Caribbean; terrorism

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/al.2016.3.183
Data publikacji: 2016-11-29 11:14:00
Data złożenia artykułu: 2016-11-28 12:13:22

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Copyright (c) 2016 Edyta Chwiej

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.