Katarzyna Wasak, Marek Drewnik


The aim of the study is to evaluate differences occurring in the soil humus horizons between different types of forests. Soil samples were collected from spruce monoculture and natural beech sites within the lower montane zone in the Tatra Mountains. They were analyzed for organic carbon (OC), loss on ignition in ectohumus horizons, pH, fractional composition of organic matter and cellulose decomposition rate. The objects of investigation are two profiles representing Rendzic Leptosols under spruce and beech, one profile formed on cover bed, which can be classified as Haplic Leptosol under spruce forest and one Haplic Cambisol under the beech site. It is shown that different tree species strongly affect features of both ectohumus and endohumus horizons. This is visible in morphology of humus horizons as well as humus fraction composition which leads to acidification and to a descending cellulose decomposition rate. Another factor controlling features of humus horizons is parent material. It seems to be possible to separate effects which are results of vegetation and parent material features.

Full Text:



A r l i k s s o n A., O l s s o n M. T.: Plant and Soil, 168/169, 103, 1995.

A u g u s t o L., B o n n a u d P., R a n g e r J.: Forest Ecology Menag., 105, 67, 1998.

B i e ñ k o w s k i P.: Pol. Ecol. Stud., 16(3-4), 235, 1990.

B i n k e y D.: Agronomy Society of New Zeland Publications, 10, 1, 1995.

D’Amico M., J u l i t t a F., P r e v i t a l i F., C a n t e l l i D.: Geoderma, 146, 129, 2008.

D ę b s k a B., G o n e t S. S.: Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Roln., 421, 23, 1995.

D r e w n i k M.: Geoekologiczne uwarunkowania rozwoju poziomów próchnicznych w glebach górskich Karpat Polskich, Ph.D. Thesis, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, 1, 1998.

D r e w n i k M.: Geoderma, 132, 116, 2006.

Drozd J., Licznar M., Weber J., Licznar S.E., Dradach A., Mastalska-Ceter a B., Z a w e r b n y T.: Degradacja gleb w niszczonych ekosystemach Karkonoszy i możliwości jej zapobiegania. PTSH Wrocław, 1998.

D z i a d o w i e c H.: Rozk³ad oeció³ek w wybranych ekosystemach leoenych. Rozprawy UMK, 1990.

G o n e t S. S., D ę b s k a B., Z a u j e c A., B a n a c h - S z o t t M., S z o m b a t h o v a N.: Effect of tree species and soil-climatic conditions on organic matter properties of forest soils. [In:] The Role of Sol Organic Matter in Environment (Eds S.S. Gonet, M. Markiewicz), PTSH Wrocław, 2007.

Hagen-Thorn A., C a l l e s e n I., N i h l g å r d B.: Forest Ecology Menag., 195, 373, 2004.

Klasyfikacja gleb leśnych Polski. Centrum Informacyjne Lasów Państwowych, Warszawa, 2000.

Komornicki T., S k i b a S.: Gleby [In:] Przyroda Tatrzańskiego Parku Narodowego (Ed. Z. Mirek), 215, 1996.

K o w a l i ń s k i S., L i c z n a r S. E.: Roczn. Glebozn., 37(2-3), 159, 1986.

K u ź n i c k i F., S k ł o d o w s k i P.: Roczn. Glebozn., 19, 1968.

K u ź n i c k i F., S k ł o d o w s k i P.: Roczn. Glebozn., 27(2), 127, 1976.

L i c z n a r S.E., Drozd J., L i c z n a r M.: Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Roln., 411, 131, 1993.

N i e m y s k a - Ł u k a s z u k J.: Roczn. Glebozn., 28(1), 169, 1977.

R o z p e n d o w s k a E., S k i b a S.: Roczn. Bieszcz., 14, 237, 2006.

S k i b a S., D r e w n i k M., D r o z d J.: Characteristic of the organic matter of ectohumus horizons in the soils of different mountain regions in Poland [In:] The Role of Humic Substances in the Ecosystems and Environmental Protection (Eds J. Drozd, S. Gonet, N. Senesi, J. Weber), IHSS Wrocław, 1997.

S k ł o d o w s k i P.: Prace Nauk. Geodezja, 14, 1974.

S k ł o d o w s k i P.: Roczn. Glebozn., 27(2-3), 127, 1986.

S k ł o d o w s k i P.: Prace Komisji Naukowych PTG, 120, 35, 1999.

Data publikacji: 2016-04-05 10:30:04
Data złożenia artykułu: 2016-04-01 12:58:26


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Katarzyna Wasak, Marek Drewnik

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.