Changes in oxidoreductases activity in anthropogenic salty soils

Anetta Siwik-Ziomek, Jan Koper

Abstract


To study the effects of anthropogenic salinity-sodicity on dehydrogenase (DHA) and catalase (CAT) activity in soil, samples were collected from the Ciech Soda Polska S.A. Plant in Inowrocław. The soils closest to the plant were assayed to determine pH, electrical conductivity(EC1:5), and enzymes activity. The soil resistance (RS) and resilience (RL) indices were computed. The soil was sampled in July and October 2015 from the plant area not covered by the recultivation treatments (locations no 1, 2, 3, 4) and the locations where the agrotechnical soil recultivation was performed (5, 6). The successive soil sampling locations (7, 8) were located in the vicinity of the plant, while the control (point 9) – beyond the impact of the plant. Soil was sampled from the depth of 0–20 cm and 20–40 cm. To compare the activity of the oxydoreductases sampled from various locations, indices were calculated to facilitate estimation of both soil processes degradation and recultivation. It has been observed that the highest value of pHKCl and electrical conductivity increased the CAT and inhibited the DH activity. RS values for the dehydrogenase activity closed to 0 for the soil from stands in the vicinity of the plant, meaning the effect of saline on soil not only in places of stored post-soda sludge, but also in the area near the Ciech Soda Polska S.A. The highest value of soil catalase RL in location no 5, 0–20 cm deep, from recultivation area suggests a correct recultivation.


Keywords


dehydrogenase; catalase, resistance in soil; resilience of soil

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bossio, D., Critchley, W., Geheb, K., Van Lynden, G., Mati, B. 2007. Conserving Soil - Protecting Water. Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture: Water for Food, Water for Life. Stylus Publishing, LLC, Sterling, VA, pp. 551-584.

Fazeli F., Ghorbanli M., Niknam V. 2007. Effect of drought on biomass, protein content, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes in two sesame cultivars. Biologia Plantarum, 51: 98–103.

Furtak, K., Gajda, A.M., 2017. Activity of dehydrogenase as an factor of soil environment

quality. Polish Journal of Soil Science, 1: 33–40, DOI: 10.17951/pjss/2017.50.1.33

Garcia C., Hernandez T., Costa F. 1997. Potential use of dehydrogenase activity as an index of microbial activity in degraded soils. Communications of Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 28. 123-134.

Hagemann M. 2011. Molecular biology of cyanobacterial salt acclimation. FEMS. Microbiology Reviews, 35:87-123

Hernández J.A., Almansa M.S., 2002. Short-term effects of salt stress on antioxidant systems and leaf water relations of pea leaves. Physiologia Plantarum, 115:251–257.

Hinojosa M.B., Carreira J.A., Rodríguez-Maroto J.M., García-Ruíz R. 2008. Effects of pyrite sludge pollution on soil enzyme activities: Ecological dose–response model. Science of the Total Environment. 396: 89–99.

Hulisz P. 2007. Proposals of systematics of Polish salt-affected soils (in Polish). Roczniki Gleboznawcze 58(1-2):121-129

Johnson, J.I., Temple, K.L., 1964. Some variables affecting measurement of catalase activity in soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 28: 207–209.

Koś, R., Miakota, B., 1988. The utilization of solid waste for calcium fertilizers in Inowrocław Chemical Plant (in Polish). Proceedings of VII International Symposium on Soda Industry: 230–237.

Lipińska A., Kucharski J., Wyszkowska J., 2014. Activity of arylsulphatase in soil contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Water Air Soil Pollut, 225:2097 225-2097 DOI 10.1007/s11270-014-2097-4

Mavi, M.S., Marschner, P., 2012. Drying and wetting in saline and saline-sodic soils effects on microbial activity, biomass and dissolved organic carbon. Plant and Soil, 355:51-6

Orwin, K.H., Wardle, D.A., 2004. New indicates for quantifying the resistance and resilience of soil biota to exogenous disturbance. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 36: 1907–1912.

Rytelewski J., Niklewska A., Przedwojski J.; 1993. Przyczyny powstawania gleb zasolonych na Kujawach. Acta Academiae Agriculturae Technicae Olstenensis, 56: 111−120.

Siddikee M.A., Tipayno S.C., Kim K., Chung J.B., Sa T. 2011. Influence of varying degree of salinity-sodicity stress on enzyme activities and bacterial populations of coastal soils of Yellow Sea, South Korea. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2: 341–346.

Telesiński A., Nowak J., Smolik B., Dubowska A., Skrzypiec N. 2008. Effect of soil salinity on activity of antioxidant enzymes and content of ascorbic acid and phenols in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants. Journal Elementology, 13:401–409.

Thalmann A. 1968: Zur methodicderestimung der Dehydrogenaseaktivität i Boden mittels Triphenyltetrazoliumchlorid (TTC). Landwirdschaftlick Forschung, 21: 249–258.

Tripathi, S., S. Kumari, A. Chakraborty, A. Gupta, K. Chakrabarti, and B. K. Bandyapadhyay. 2006. Microbial biomass and its activities in salt-affected coastal soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils 42:273-277.

Wu G.Q., Zhang L.N., Wang Y.Y. 2012. Response of growth and antioxidant enzymes to osmotic stress in two different wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars seedlings. Plant, Soil and Environment, 58:534–539.

Yuan B.C., Xu X.G.,. Li Z.Z, Gao T.P., Gao M.,. Fan X.W, Fan X.W., Deng J.M. 2007. Microbial biomass and activity in alkalized magnesic soils under arid conditions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39:3004–3013.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/pjss.2018.51.1.1
Data publikacji: 2018-02-19 09:01:44
Data złożenia artykułu: 2017-05-28 22:36:13

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jan Koper

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.