Changes in some chemical properties of saline-sodic soils over time as affected by organic residues: An incubation study

Mohsen Jalali, Maryam Saeedi Lotf, Faranak Ranjbar

Abstract


Salinization and sodification of agricultural lands in arid and semi-arid regions of the world are two limiting factors in the crop production. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of readily available agricultural residues on changing some chemical properties of saline-sodic soils. Wheat, potato, sunflower, and canola residues were separately added into three saline-sodic soils at a rate of 2% by weight and thoroughly mixed with soils. Control and treated soils were incubated for 168 days at a constant moisture and temperature. The pH, electrical conductivity (EC), soluble cations, available nitrate (NO3-) and phosphorous (P), cation exchange capacity (CEC), and exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP) were measured during the incubation. The EC increased in the response to the incorporation of plant residues, whereas the pH was reduced. The application of organic components in soils increased CEC and decreased ESP. The results showed that the maximum reduction in ESP was observed in the potato treatment because of the highest Ca2+ concentration. The average reduction in ESP of treated soil samples at the end of incubation followed this order: 16.1% (potato residue-treated soil) >12.7% (canola residue-treated soil) >11.1% (wheat residue-treated soil) >9.6% (sunflwer residue-treated soil). The potato residue was the most effective amendment in changing the chemical properties of saline-sodic soils in comparison with other organic residues. The results indicated that the application of organic residues had a positive impact on reducing the soil sodicity and improving the soil fertility depending on their chemical composition.


Keywords


salinity; sodicity; agricultural residues; bioremediation; incubation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aggelides, S.M., Londra, P.A., 2000. Effects of compost produced from town waste sand sewage sludge on the physical properties of a loamy and a clay soil. Bioresource Technology, 71: 253–259.

Akhtar, S.S., Andersen, M.N., Liu, F., 2015. Residual effects of biochar on improving growth, physiology and yield of wheat under salt stress. Agricultural Water Management, 158: 61–68.

Bernal, M.P., Roig, A., Lax, A., Navarro, A.F., 1992. Effect of the application of pig slurry on some physico-chemical and physical properties of calcareous soils. Bioresource Technology, 42: 233–239.

Brady, N.C., 1990. The Nature and Properties of Soil. 10th ed. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

Clark, G.J., Dodgshun, N., Sale, P.W.G., Tang, C., 2007. Changes in chemical and biological properties of a sodic clay subsoil with addition of organic amendments. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39: 2806–2817.

Gee, G.W., Bauder J.W., 1986. Particle-size analysis. In: A Klute (ed.). Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. Physical and mineralogical methods. 2nd ed. SSSA Book Series 5. ASA and SSSA, Madison, pp. 383–411.

Hanay, A., Buyuksanmz, F., Kiziloglu, F.M., Canbolat, M.Y., 2004. Reclamation of saline-sodic soils with gypsum and MSW compost. Compost Science and Utilization, 12: 175–179.

Havlin, L., Beaton, J.D., Tisdale, S.L., Nelson, W.L., 1999. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers: An Introduction to Nutrient Management. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

Helyar, K.R., 1976. Nitrogen cycling and soil acidification. Journal of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science, 42: 217–221.

Hussain, N., Hassan, G., Arshadullah, M., Mujeeb, F., 2001. Evaluation of amendments for the improvement of physical properties of sodic soil. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 3: 319–322.

Ilyas, M., Qureshi, R.H., Qadir, M.A., 1997. Chemical changes in a saline-sodic soil after gypsum application and cropping. Soil Technology, 10: 247–260.

Jalali, M., Ranjbar, F., 2009a. Effects of sodic water on soil sodicity and nutrient leaching in poultry and sheep manure amended soils. Geoderma, 153: 194–204.

Jalali, M., Ranjbar, F., 2009b. Rates of decomposition and phosphorus release from organic residues related to residue composition. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 172: 353–359.

Jin, K., Sleutel, S., De Neve, S., Gabriels, D., Cai, D., Jin, J. Hofman, G., 2008. Nitrogen and carbon mineralization of surface-applied and incorporated winter wheat and peanut residues. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 44, 4: 661–665.

Laird, D.A., Fleming, P., Davis, D.D., Horton, R., Wang, B., Karlen, D.L., 2010. Impact of biochar amendments on the quality of a typical Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma, 158: 443–449.

Lax, A., 1991. Cation exchange capacity, induced in calcareous soils by fertilization with manure. Soil Science, 151: 174–178.

Lax, A., Diaz, E., Castillo, V., Albaladejo, J., 1994. Reclamation of physical and chemical properties of a salinized soil by organic amendment. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation, 8: 9–17.

Li, F., Keren, R., 2008. Native CaCO3 mineral dissolution and its contribution to sodic calcareous soil reclamation under laboratory conditions. Arid Land Research and Management, 22: 1–15.

Li, F., Keren, R., 2009. Calcareous sodic soil reclamation as affected by corn stalk application and incubation: A laboratory study. Pedosphere, 19: 465–475.

Lindsay, W.L., Moreno, E.C., 1960. Phosphate phase equilibria in soils. Soil Science of America Journal, 24, 3: 177–182.

Manjunatha, M.V., Oosterbaan, R.J., Gupta, S.K., Rajkumar, H., Jansen, H., 2004. Performance of subsurface drains for reclaiming waterlogged saline lands under rolling topography in Tungabhadra irrigation project in India. Agricultural Water Management, 69: 69–82.

Mishra, A., Sharma, S.D., Pandey, R., 2004. Amelioration of degraded sodic soil by forestation. Arid Land Research and Management, 18: 13–23.

Mitchell, R.D.J., Harrison, R., Russell, K.J., Webb, J., 2000. The effect of crop residue incorporation date on soil inorganic nitrogen, nitrate leaching and nitrogen mineralization. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 32: 294–301.

Murphy, J., Riley, J.P., 1962. A modified single solution method for determination of phosphate in natural waters. Analytica Chimica Acta, 27: 31–36.

Nisha, R., Kiran, B., Kaushik, A., Kaushik, C.P., 2018. Bioremediation of salt affected soils using cyanobacteria in terms of physical structures, nutrient status and microbial activity. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 15: 571–580.

Oades, J.M., 1993. The role of biology in the formation, stabilization and degradation of soil structure. Geoderma, 56: 377–400.

Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S., Dean, L.A., 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular No. 939, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Plummer, L.N., Wigley, T.M.L., Parkhurst, D.L., 1978. The kinetics of calcite dissolution in CO2-water system at 5 to 60°C and 0.0 to 1.0 atm CO2. American Journal of Science, 278: 179–216.

Qadir, M., Mateo-Sagasta, J., Jiménez, B., Siebe, C., Siemens, J., Hanjra, M.A., 2015. Environmental risks and cost-effective risk management of wastewater. In: P Drechsel, M Qadir, D Wichlens (eds.). Wastewater: economic asset in an urbanizing world. 1st ed. Springer, pp. 55–72.

Qadir, M., Oster, J.D., 2002. Vegetative bioremediation of calcareous sodic soils: History, mechanisms, and evaluation. Irrigation Science, 21: 91–101.

Qadir, M., Oster, J.D., 2004. Crop and irrigation management strategies for saline-sodic soils and waters aimed at environmentally sustainable agriculture. Science of Total Environment, 323: 1–19.

Qadir, M., Noble, A.D., Oster, J.D., Schubert, S., Ghafoor, A., 2005. Driving forces for sodium removal during phytoremediation of calcareous sodic and saline-sodic soils: A review. Soil Use and Management, 21: 173–180.

Qadir, M., Noble, A.D., Schubert, S., Thomas, R.J., Arslan, A., 2006. Sodicity induced land degradation and its sustainable management: Problems and prospects. Land Degradation and Development, 17: 661–676.

Qadir, M., Qureshi, A.S., Cheraghi, S.A.M., 2008. Extent and characterization of salt-affected soils in Iran and strategies for their amelioration and management. Land Degradation and Development, 19: 214–227.

Qadir, M., Schubert, S., Ghafoor, A., Murtaza, G., 2001. Amelioration strategies for sodic soils: A review. Land Degradation and Development, 12: 357–386.

Quedraogo, E., Mando, A., Zombre, N.P., 2001. Use of compost to improve soil properties and crop productivity under low input agricultural system in West Africa. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 84: 259–266.

Qureshi, A.S., McCornick, P.G, Qadir, M., Aslam, Z., 2008. Managing salinity and waterlogging in the Indus Basin of Pakistan. Agricultural Water Management, 95: 1–10.

Ranjbar, F., Jalali, M., 2011. Effects of plant residues and calcite amendments on soil sodicity. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 174: 874–883.

Ranjbar, F., Jalali, M., 2012. Calcium, Magnesium, Sodium, and Potassium Release during Decomposition of Some Organic Residues. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 43: 645–659.

Ranjbar, F., Jalali, M., 2015. The effect of chemical and organic amendments on sodium exchange equilibria in a calcareous sodic soil. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187: 1–21.

Robbins, C.W., 1986. Sodic calcareous soil reclamation as affected by different amendments and crops. Agronomy Journal, 78: 916–920.

Rowell, D.L., 1994. Soil Science: Methods and Applications. Longman Group, Harlow.

Sabziparvar, A.A., 2003. The analysis of aridity and meteorological drought indices in west of Iran. Research report, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.

Seenivasan, R., Prasath, V., Mohanraj, R., 2015. Restoration of sodic soils involving chemical and biological amendments and phytoremediation by Eucalyptus camaldulensis in a semiarid region. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 37: 575–586.

Sekhon, B.S., Bajwa, M.S., 1993. Effect of organic matter and gypsum in controlling soil sodicity in rice-wheat-corn system irrigated with sodic waters. Agricultural Water Management, 24: 15–25.

Stevenson, F.J., 1994. Humus chemistry: Genesis, Composition, Reactions. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Tan, J.L., 1994. Environmental Soil Science. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.

Tan, J.L., Kang, Y.H., 2009. Changes in soil properties under the influences of cropping and drip irrigation during the reclamation of severe salt-affected soils. Agricultural Sciences in China, 8: 1228–1237.

Tang, C., Yu, Q., 1999. Impact of chemical composition of legume residues and initial soil pH on pH changes of a soil after residue incorporation. Plant and Soil, 215: 29–38.

Tang, C., Sparling, G.P, McLay, C.D.A., Raphael, C., 1999. Effect of short term legume residue decomposition on soil acidity. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 37: 561–573.

Von Lutzow, M., Leifeld, J., Kainz, M., Kogel-Knabner, I., Munch, J.C., 2002. Indications for soil organic matter quality in soils under different management. Geoderma, 105: 243–258.

Wahid, A., Akhtar, S., Ali, L., Rasul, E., 1998. Amelioration of saline-sodic soils with organic matter and their use for wheat growth. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 29: 2307–2318.

Walker, D.J., Bernal, M.P., 2004. Plant mineral nutrition and growth in a saline Mediterranean soil amended with organic wastes. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 35: 2495–2514.

Walker, D.J., Bernal, M.P., 2008. The effect of olive mill waste compost and poultry manure on the availability and plant uptake of nutrients in a highly saline soil. Bioresource Technology, 99: 396–403.

Walkley, A., Black, A., 1934. An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science, 37: 29–38.

Wichern, J., Wichern, F., Joergensen, R.G., 2006. Impact of salinity on soil microbial communities and the decomposition of maize in acidic soils. Geoderma, 137,100–108.

Wong, V.N.L., Dalal, R.C., Greene, R.S.B., 2009. Carbon dynamics of sodic and saline soils following gypsum and organic material additions: A laboratory incubation. Applied Soil Ecology, 41: 29–40.

Xu, J.M., Tang, C., Chen, Z.L., 2006. The role of plant residues in pH change of acid soils differing in initial pH. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38: 709–719.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/pjss.2020.53.1.1
Data publikacji: 2020-06-22 04:37:58
Data złożenia artykułu: 2018-10-25 18:32:26


Statistics

Total abstract view - 401
Downloads (from 2020-06-17) - PDF - 150

Indicators



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Faranak Ranjbar, Mohsen Jalali, Maryam Saeedi Lotf

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.