Legal Protection of Traditional Agricultural Knowledge Relating to Genetic Resources

Paweł Gała

Abstract


Traditional knowledge, including genetic resources of living organisms, especially plants, plays an extremely important role also in the development of modern science and present-day industry. This prompts us to consider the need, scope, and model of legal protection for such knowledge, both for the needs of the communities that create and cultivate it and for the wider public good. The present article includes an analysis of international legal regulations concerning the protection of traditional knowledge, with particular emphasis on the knowledge related to genetic resources, as well as legal works in this field. The considerations cover issues related to the development of the conceptual framework of such legal norms and the foundations of the legal protection of traditional knowledge, in particular the arguments concerning the need for such protection. The article also presents the basic types of intellectual property rights that can be the basis for legal protection of traditional knowledge.


Keywords


traditional knowledge; plant genetic resources; intellectual property rights; legal protection of plant varieties

References


LITERATURE

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Girsberger M., Intellectual property rights and traditional knowledge: Background, terminology and issues arising, [in:] Methods for Risk Assessment of Transgenic Plants, IV. Biodiversity and Biotechnology, eds. K. Amman, Y. Jacot, R. Braun, Basel 2003.

Girsberger M., Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property Rights. The Current State of Play at the International Level, Jusletter 26. Januar 2004, www.humanrights.ch/cms/upload/pdf/050829_tradKnowledge_Girsberger_jusletter2004.pdf [access: 10.10.2020].

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Inside WIPO, www.wipo.int/about-wipo/en [access: 10.10.2020]

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LEGAL ACTS

Convention on Biodiversity prepared on 5 June 1992 (Journal of Laws 2002, No. 184, item 1532).

International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Agriculture and Food of 3 November 2001 (Journal of Laws 2006, No. 159, item 1128).

Resolution 8/83, International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources, www.fao.org/wiews-archive/docs/Resolution_8_83.pdf [access: 17.02.2020].




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2020.29.2.25-36
Data publikacji: 2020-06-21 16:40:21
Data złożenia artykułu: 2020-02-04 13:59:22


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