The Function of Judicial Practice Concerning the Reform of the Japanese Civil Code (Example of “Contract for Work”)

Yachiko Yamada

Abstract


This paper examines the role of judicial jurisdiction in law-making process in statute countries. The analysis focused on the reformed Japanese Civil Code, which entered into force on 1 April 2020, and more specifically on the conflict between the reformed Civil Code and the precedents of previous legal status. The purpose of the paper was to emphasize that it is extremely important to consider the relationship between new rules and previous precedents. By using the reformed rules of “contract for work” in the Japanese Civil Code reform, this article analyzes and explains the meaning of precedent in law-making process.


Keywords


the Japanese Civil Code reform; the role of precedent; law-making process; contract for work

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References


LITERATURE

Oda H., Japanese Law, Oxford 2009.

The Ministry of Justice, Civil Code Reform, www.moj.go.jp/ENGLISH/ccr/CCR_00001.html [access: 4.01.2020].

Yamada Y., The Role of Judicial Precedents in Japanese Law-Making Process – on the Japanese Civil Code (Law of Obligation) Reform, [in:] Judicial Precedent in Comparative Approach, ed. L. Leszczyński, A. Szot, „Studia Iuridica Lublinensia” 2018, Vol. 27(1), DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2018.27.1.83.

LEGAL ACTS

Act No. 59 of 16 April 1947, www.japaneselawtranslation.go.jp/law/detail/?ft=2&re=01&dn=1&yo=%E8%A3%81%E5%88%A4%E6%89%80%E6%B3%95&ia=03&ja=04&ph=&x=0&y=0&ky=&page=1 [access: 4.01.2020].

Outline of the Act Partially Amending the Civil Code and Related Acts (Act No. 34 of 2019), www.japaneselawtranslation.go.jp/law/detail/?re=01&dn=1&x=0&y=0&co=1&ia=03&ja=04&yo=%E6%B0%91%E6%B3%95&gn=&sy=&ht=&no=&bu=&ta=&ky=%E6%B0%91%E6%B3%95&page=3 [access: 7.01.2020].

CASE LAW

Judgement of the Supreme Court of 15 July 1997, Minshū, Vol. 51, No. 6, www.courts.go.jp/app/hanrei_en/detail?id=1238 [access: 7.01.2020].




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2020.29.3.163-172
Data publikacji: 2020-06-30 09:44:42
Data złożenia artykułu: 2020-05-04 09:20:25


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