Comparison between the Polish-Lithuanian Constitution of 3 May 1791 and the Spanish Constitution of 19 March 1812

María Ruiz Estévez

Abstract


The purpose of this article was to make a brief comparative analysis between the Spanish Constitution of 1812 and the Polish-Lithuanian Constitution of 1791. With this intention, the most characteristic features of each constitutional text were set out, and both the historical and social context prior to its promulgation and the circumstances that led to the drafting of both legal acts were analyzed. The similarities and contrasts of the political models established with both constitutions were observed, as well as the rights and freedoms recognized. Reference was also made to the founding fathers of the Constitutions and the ideological context that influenced them. Finally, the author mentioned the fate of both constitutions that were only in force for a short period of time. The article aimed to present these two legal acts that were a milestone in the constitutional and political history of each nation.


Keywords


Spanish Constitution of 19 March 1812; Polish-Lithuanian Constitution of 3 May 1791; legal act; rights and freedoms; ideological context

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References


LITERATURE

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NETOGRAPHY

Blas de Ostolanza y Ríos, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/13780/blas-de-ostolaza-y-rios [access: 4.09.2020].

La opción patriótica: las Cortes de Cádiz y la Constitución de 1812, www.cervantesvirtual.com/portales/constitucion_1812/contexto_historico7/#parte1 [access: 4.09.2020].

La Parra López E., En vísperas de la guerra: el triunfo de Fernando VII en El Escorial y Aranjuez, www.cervantesvirtual.com/descargaPdf/en-visperas-de-la-guerra-el-triunfo-de-fernando-vii-en-el-escorial-y-aranjuez [access: 10.01.2021].

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LEGAL ACTS

Constitución Española de 1812.

Constitution of 3 May 1791.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2021.30.1.237-250
Data publikacji: 2021-03-31 14:40:33
Data złożenia artykułu: 2020-11-20 13:33:08


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