Selected Legal Aspects of Processing Employee Biometric Data

Sylwia Zaborska

Abstract


Given the growing popularity of biometrics, doubts about the conditions for biometric data processing can be noticed in practice. These inaccuracies take place in various areas of law, including labour law. This article provides a theoretical discussion on the processing of special categories of data. It aims to point to the need for appropriate legal regulations to ensure the security of the processing of biometric data of employees and candidate employees. The article starts with clarifying the concept of biometric data and discusses the practical aspects of the use of biometric tools. Further on, the author analyses the legal regulations concerning the processing of biometric data in the relations between the employer as the personal data controller and the employee as the data subject. As a result of the studies carried out, a position was presented which indicates that the employer who processes biometric data of employees and candidates for employment should always find out whether he has legal justification to process the data in question. This article is one of the few studies on the processing of biometric data in Polish literature on the subject. The main purpose hereof is to present situations under the current legislation, in which the employer can process biometric data of its employees. The article is a form of universal presentation of the problem and may be of interest especially to legal practitioners.


Keywords


biometrics; biometric data; labour law; biometric tools

References


LITERATURE

Czarnowski A., [in:] RODO. Przewodnik ze wzorami, ed. M. Gawroński, Warszawa 2018.

Gutfeter W., Pacut A., Człowiek w systemie biometrycznym, [in:] Dokumenty a prawo, eds. M. Tomaszewska-Michalak, T. Tomaszewski, Warszawa 2015.

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ONLINE SOURCES

Article 29 – Data Protection Working Party, Working document in biometrics, Adopted on 1 August 2003, https://ec.europa.eu/justice/article-29/documentation/opinion-recommendation/files/2003/wp80_en.pdf [access: 10.08.2021].

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OTHERS

Decision of the Inspector General for Personal Data Protection of 23 September 2010, DIS/DEC-1133/37986/10.

Decision of the President of the Personal Data Protection Office of 18 February 2020, ZSZZS.440.768.2018.

LEGAL ACTS

Act of 26 June 1974 – Labour Code (consolidated text, Journal of Laws 2020, item 1320).

Act of 21 February 2019 amending certain other acts in order to ensure the application of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (Journal of Laws 2019, item 730).

Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, pp. 31–50).

Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (OJ L 119, 4.05.2016, pp. 1–88).

CASE LAW

Judgement of the Supreme Administrative Court of 1 December 2009, I OSK 249/09, Legalis no. 332309.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2021.30.4.593-603
Data publikacji: 2021-10-13 00:46:05
Data złożenia artykułu: 2021-02-28 15:11:14


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