Do Animals Have Any Rights in Slovakia?

Martin Dufala, Lenka Grešová

Abstract


This article focuses on assessing whether the current Slovak legal framework provides animals with a sufficient level of protection against cruelty and maltreatment. Past and current Slovak legislation on animal protection was analyzed in light of the major animal welfare challenges that Slovakia faces today. Contrary to what the title of the study suggests, a different approach was chosen to strengthen the protection of animals – not through the concept of animal rights, but the concept of human rights to a favourable environment. In addition, the possibility of using the already existing environmental law legal instruments when the well-being of animal is threatened was discussed.


Keywords


animal protection; environmental law; Slovak legislation

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References


LITERATURE

European Food Safety Authority, Animal Consciousness: External Scientific Report, 2016.

Bentham J., An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Oxford 1907.

Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness, 2012.

Harrison P., Descartes on Animals, “The Philosophical Quarterly” 1992, vol. 42(167), DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2220217.

Mullerová H., Práva zvířat, nebo lidské právo na ochranu zvířat, [in:] H. Mullerová, D. Černý, A. Doležal, Kapitoly o právech zvířat: „my a oni“ z pohledu filozofie, etiky, biologie a práva, Praha 2016.

Mullerová H., Stejskal V., Ochrana zvířat v právu, Praha 2013.

Radford M., Animal Walfare Law in Britain: Regulation and Responsibility, Oxford 2001.

Study on the welfare of dogs and cats involved in commercial practices, financed by the European Commission SANCO 2013/12364, IBF International Consulting, VetEffecT, Wageningen University & Research Centre, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Abruzzo e del Molise “G. Caporale”, 2015.

Wyatt T., Maher J., Biddle P., Scoping Research on the Sourcing of Pet Dogs from Illegal Importation and Puppy Farms 2016–17, Edinburg 2017.

ONLINE SOURCES

Ďalšia psia množiareň s hroznými podmienkami. Reflexu sa podarilo do nej v utajení preniknúť, 29.01.2021, www.tvnoviny.sk/publicistika/krimi-s-kristinou-kovesovou/2019257_dalsia-psia-mnoziaren-s-hroznymi-podmienkami-reflexu-sa-podarilo-do-nej-v-utajeni-preniknut [access: 10.08.2021].

Tigre ako tovar: Na stope obchodu s chránenými zvieratami a ich telami v strednej Európe, 16.07.2020, www.icjk.sk/56/Tigre-ako-tovar-Na-stope-nelegalnemu-obchodu-so-zvieratami-a-ich-telami-v-strednej-Europe [access: 10.08.2021].

LEGAL ACTS

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, done at Aarhus, Denmark, on 25 June 1998 (Aarhus Convention).

Council Decision 78/923/EEC of 19 June 1978 concerning the conclusion of the European Convention for the protection of animals kept for farming purposes (OJ L 323/12, 17.11.1978).

Council Directive 98/58/EC of 20 July 1998 concerning the protection of animals kept for farming purposes (OJ EU L 221/23, 8.08.1998).

Council Directive 1999/22/EC of 29 March 1999 relating to the keeping of wild animals in zoos (OJ EU L 94/24, 9.04.1999).

Council Directive 1999/74/EC of 19 July 1999 laying down minimum standards for the protection of laying hens (OJ EU L 203/53, 3.08.1999).

Council Directive 2007/43/EC of 28 June 2007 laying down minimum rules for the protection of chickens kept for meat production (OJ EU L 182/19, 12.07.2007).

Council Directive 2008/119/EC of 18 December 2008 laying down minimum standards for the protection of calves (OJ L 10/7, 15.01.2009).

Council Directive 2008/120/EC of 18 December 2008 laying down minimum standards for the protection of pigs (OJ EU L 47/5, 18.02.2009).

Council Regulation (EC) no. 1/2005 of 22 December 2004 on the protection of animals during transport and related operations and amending Directives 64/432/EEC and 93/119/EC and Regulation (EC) no. 1255/97 (OJ EU L 3/1, 5.01.2005).

Council Regulation (EC) no. 1099/2009 of 24 September 2009 on the protection of animals at the time of killing (OJ EU L 303/1, 18.11.2009).

Directive 2010/63/EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 22 September 2010 on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes (OJ EU L 276/33, 20.10.2010).

Law no. 140/1961 Coll. Criminal Act.

Law no. 40/1964 Coll. Civil Code.

Law no. 87/1987 Coll. on Veterinary Care.

Law no. 455/1991 Coll. Trade Licensing Act.

Law no. 460/1992 Coll. The Constitution.

Law no. 115/1995 Coll. on the Protection of Animals.

Law no. 300/2005 Coll. Criminal Act.

Law no. 488/2002 Coll. Veterinary Act.

Law no. 39/2007 Coll. Veterinary Act.

Law of the Czech Republic no. 246/1992 Coll. on the Protection of Animals Against Cruelty.

Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture of Slovak Republic no. 143/2012 Z. z., on the breeding and keeping of dangerous animals.

Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture of Slovak Republic no. 178/2012 Z. z., on identification, registration and minimum standards for breeding and keeping farmed animals.

Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture of Slovak Republic no. 350/2019 Z. z., laying down the requirement for the use of animals for public performance or training for public performance and the list of animals for possible to use for public performance.

Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture of Slovak Republic no. 283/2020 Z. z. laying down requirements for the protection of pet animals, requirements for the capture of stray animals and requirements for quarantine facilities and animal shelters.

Regulation of the Government of the Slovak Republic no. 730/2002 Z. z., laying down minimum standards for the protection of calves.

Regulation of the Government of the Slovak Republic no. 322/2003 Z. z. on the protection of farmed animals.

Regulation of the Government of the Slovak Republic no. 377/2012 Z. z. laying down requirements for the protection of animals used for scientific or educational purposes.

Regulation no. 576/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 June 2013 on the non-commercial movement of pet animals and repealing Regulation (EC) no. 998/2003 (OJ EU L 178/1, 28.06.2013).

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (OJ C 326/1, 26.10.2012).

CASE LAW

Judgement of the European Court of Justice of 8 March 2011, Case C-240/09.

Judgement of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic of 22 June 2009, Case 5Sžp/41/2009.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2021.30.3.47-65
Data publikacji: 2021-09-16 22:46:39
Data złożenia artykułu: 2021-03-29 00:18:51


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