Compulsory Vaccination and Fundamental Human Rights in the World of Work

Sara Hungler

Abstract


During the COVID-19 epidemiological emergency, several countries adopted regulations which have affected the world of work. The impact of these measures on workers and other employees has been the subject of numerous studies. Among the legislation, there are some that apply to specific occupational groups, such as healthcare workers, and others that apply more generally to a broad section of society. What they have in common is that they restrict the fundamental rights of workers to an extent that justifies a thorough human rights and constitutional rights analysis. The aim of this paper is to analyse the issue of compulsory vaccination by focusing primarily on the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and attempt to interpret it in relation to the domestic regulation of the COVID-19 pandemic. The second part of the paper is a case study based on the Hungarian legislation, which was adopted recently.


Keywords


COVID-19; human rights; employees; European Court of Human Rights; Hungarian legislation

Full Text:

PDF

References


LITERATURE

Archard D., Brierley J., Cave E., Compulsory Childhood Vaccination: Human Rights, Solidarity, and Best Interests, “Medical Law Review” 2021, vol. 29(4), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/medlaw/fwab024.

D’Ancona F., D’Amario C., Maraglino F., Rezza G., Iannazzo S., The law on compulsory vaccination in Italy: An update 2 years after the introduction, “Eurosurveillance” 2019, vol. 24(26), DOI: https://doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.26.1900371.

Deakin S., The Right to Work, [in:] The European Social Charter and the Employment Relation, eds. N. Bruun, L. Klaus, I. Schömann, S. Clauwaert, Oxford 2017.

Dral A., An Employment Contract for a Specified Period and the Problem of the Causation of a Notice – Current Status and the Tendencies of Changes, “Studia Iuridica Lublinensia” 2015, vol. 24(3), DOI: https://doi.org/10.17951/sil.2015.24.3.141.

Gárdos-Orosz F., Constitutional interpretation under the new Fundamental Law of Hungary, [in:] Populist Challenges to Constitutional Interpretation in Europe and Beyond, eds. F. Gárdos-Orosz, Z. Szente, London 2021.

Grabenwarter C., European Convention on Human Rights: Commentary, München 2014, DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845258942.

Kozma A., Pál L., A védőoltásra kötelezés feltételei a munkajogviszonyban, “Munkajog” 2021, vol. 4.

Krasser A., Compulsory Vaccination in a Fundamental Rights Perspective: Lessons from the ECtHR, “ICL Journal” 2021, vol. 2(15), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/icl-2021-0010.

Uziak W., A Few Remarks on Content of Employer’s Internal Regulations, “Studia Iuridica Lublinensia” 2015, vol. 24(3), DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2015.24.3.259.

Vincze A., Varju M., Hungary the new fundamental law, “European Public Law Journal” 2012, vol. 18(3).

Wołoszyn-Cichocka A., Access to Patient’s Medical Records in the Light of the Case Law of Administrative Courts, “Studia Iuridica Lublinensia” 2021, vol. 30(1), DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2021.30.1.369-384.

ONLINE SOURCES

European Court of Human Rights, Refusal of requests for interim measures in respect of the Greek law on compulsory vaccination of health-sector staff against Covid-19, Press Release issued by the Registrar of the Court, ECHR 266 (2021), 9.9.2021, https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/app/conversion/pdf/?library=ECHR&id=003-7113391-9633858&filename=Request%20for%20interim%20measures%20against%20Greece%20concerning%20compulsory%20vaccination%20for%20health%20staff.pdf (access: 21.2.2022)

European Vaccination Information Portal, Vaccination schedules in the EU/EEA, https://vaccination-info.eu/en/vaccination/when-vaccinate/vaccination-schedules-eueea (access: 28.2.2022).

LEGAL ACTS

Act XX of 1949 on the Constitution of the Republic of Hungary.

Act CLIV of 1997 on Health.

Act No. I of 2012 – Labour Code.

Act No. CXXII of 2019 – Social Insurance Act.

Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 311, 28.11.2001, pp. 67–128).

European Social Charter.

Fundamental Law of Hungary (25 April 2011).

Government Decree No. 449/2021 (VII. 29).

Government Decree No. 598/2021 (X. 28).

Government Decree No. 599/2021 (X. 28).

CASE LAW

Association of Parents v. the United Kingdom, Application no. 7154/75.

Carlo Boffa and others v. San Marino, Application no. 26536/95.

Costello-Roberts v. the United Kingdom, Application no. 13134/87.

Hungarian Constitutional Court Decision No. 39/2007 (VI. 20).

Hungarian Constitutional Court Decision No. 27/2021 (XI. 5).

Hungarian Constitutional Court Decision No. IV/3010/2021.

Kakaletri and others v. Greece, Application no. 43375/21.

LCB v. the United Kingdom, Application no. 23413/94.

Theofanopoulou and others v. Greece, Application no. 43910/21.

Vavricka and others v. Czech Republic, Application nos. 47621/13, 3867/14, 73094/14, 19298/15, 19306/15, 43883/15.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2022.31.1.63-77
Data publikacji: 2022-03-29 11:56:17
Data złożenia artykułu: 2022-01-06 12:30:23


Statistics


Total abstract view - 1018
Downloads (from 2020-06-17) - PDF - 0

Indicators



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Sara Hungler

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.