Concessions for Works or Services – an Over-Regulated Legal Institution

Andrzej Panasiuk


The public sector in Poland is currently facing ever newer challenges related to the implementation of public tasks for which it is not always sufficiently prepared for. One of the possible legal forms of fulfilment of public tasks are concessions for works or services. The author reviews the legal regulations that govern the issue of concessions, coming to the conclusion that the less the legislature interferes in the regulation of the procedure for granting concessions for works or services, the greater the practical significance of the concession. He also points to the quality of the proposed legal regulations in this area and their intricateness. The article presents some thoughts on the future directions of change in the regulations regarding concessions for works or services.


concession for works; concession for services; public sector; legal regulations; public tasks

Full Text:




Bezançon X., Essai sur les contrats de travaux et de services publics – contribution à l’histoire administrative de la délégation de missions publiques, Paris 1999.

Erridge A., Fee R., McIlroy J., Involvement of SMEs in Public Procurement, “Public Procurement Law Review” 1998, vol. 7.

Fisher P., Historic Aspects of International Concession Agreements, [in:] Studies in the History of the Law of Nations, ed. C.H. Alexandrowicz, vol. 2, The Hague 1972.

Gajewska-Jedwabny A. (ed.), Partnerstwo publiczno-prywatne, Warszawa 2007.

Kulesza M., Bitner M., Kozłowska A., Ustawa o partnerstwie publiczno-prywatnym. Komentarz, Warszawa 2006.

Panasiuk A., Partnerstwo publiczno-prywatne, Wrocław 2017.

Panasiuk A., System zamówień publicznych. Zarys wykładu. Zamówienia klasyczne. Partnerstwo publiczno-prywatne, Warszawa 2013.

Panasiuk A., Wpływ rozwiązań przyjętych w dyrektywie 2014/23 UE na kształt pojęcia koncesji zdefiniowanego w ustawie o umowie koncesji na roboty budowlane lub usługi, “Studia Prawno-Ekonomiczne” 2017, vol. 103.

Vassallo J.M., Ortega A., Baeza M.A., What Was Wrong with the Toll Highway Concessions in the Madrid Metropolitan Area?, “Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering” 2012, vol. 39(1), DOI:


Commission of the European Communities, Green Paper on public-private partnerships and Community law on public contracts and concessions, Brussels, 30.4.2004, COM(2004) 327 final, (access: 12.7.2022).

Korbus B., Zalewski D., Cieślak R., Liżewski M., Ferek A., Rynek partnerstwa publiczno-prywatnego i koncesji w Polsce w 2014 r. na tle stanu obowiązującego w latach 2009–2013, (access: 12.7.2015).

MR chce ułatwień w zamówieniach koncesyjnych na roboty budowlane, 11.4.2016,,mr-chce-ulatwien-w-zamowieniach-koncesyjnych-na-roboty-budowlane.html (access: 12.7.2022).


Act of 23 April 1964 – Civil Code (consolidated text, Journal of Laws 2020, item 1740, as amended).

Act of 10 June 1994 on public procurement (Journal of Laws 1994, no. 76, item 344, as amended).

Act of 27 October 1994 on toll motorways and the National Road Fund (Journal of Laws 2004, no. 256, item 2571, as amended).

Act of 7 June 2001 on collective water supply and collective waste water collection (Journal of Laws 2001, no. 72, item 747, as amended).

Act of 29 January 2004 – Public Procurement Law (Journal of Laws 2004, no. 19, item 177).

Act of 28 July 2005 on public-private partnership (Journal of Laws 2005, no. 169, item 1420).

Act of 19 December 2008 on public-private partnership (Journal of Laws 2009, no. 19, item 100).

Act of 9 January 2009 on concessions for works or services (Journal of Laws 2009, no. 19, item 101).

Act of 21 October 2016 on concession contract for works or services (Journal of Laws 2016, item 1920).

Council Directive 89/440/EEC of 18 July 1989 amending Directive 71/305/EEC concerning coordination of procedures for the award of public works contracts (OJ L 210/1, 21.7.1989).

Council Directive 93/37/EEC of 14 June 1993 concerning the coordination of procedures for the award of public works contracts (OJ L 199/54, 9.8.1993).

Directive 2004/17/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 coordinating the procurement procedures of entities operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors (OJ L 134/1, 30.4.2004).

Directive 2004/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 on the coordination of procedures for the award of public works contracts, public supply contracts and public service contracts (OJ L 134/114, 30.4.2004).

Directive 2014/23/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the award of concession contracts (OJ L 94/1, 28.3.2014).


Judgment of the CJEU of 7 December 2000, Case C-324/98, Telaustria Verlags GmbH and Telefonadress GmbH v Telekom Austria AG, formerly Post & Telekom Austria AG.

Judgment of the CJEU of 30 May 2002, C-358/00, Buchhändler-Vereinigung GmbH v Saur Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Die Deutsche Bibliothek.

Judgment of the CJEU of 1 March 2005, C-458/08, Parking Brixen GmbH v Gemeinde Brixeni Stadtwerke Brixen AG.

Judgment of the CJEU of 21 July 2005, C-231/03, Consorzio Aziende Metano (Coname) v Comune di Cingia de’ Botti.

Judgment of the CJEU of 18 July 2007, C-382/05, Commission of the European Communities v Italian Republic.

Data publikacji: 2022-12-28 17:33:13
Data złożenia artykułu: 2022-11-06 19:16:03


Total abstract view - 161
Downloads (from 2020-06-17) - PDF - 0



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Andrzej Panasiuk

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.