Independence of the Judges of the European Court of Human Rights

Paulina Krukowska-Siembida

Abstract


The authority and credibility of the European Court of Human Rights depend on the independence of its judges. The aim of this article is to present the analysis of the criteria of office, the electoral procedure, the terms of office, as well as privileges and immunities of the ECtHR judges.


Keywords


European Court of Human Rights; judge; independence; electoral procedure

References


Advisory opinion on certain legal questions concerning the lists of candidates submitted with a view to the election of judges to the European Court of Human Rights No. 2, Strasbourg, 22 January 2010.

Balcerzak M., Niezależność Europejskiego Trybunału Praw Człowieka a status jego sędziów, „Problemy Współczesnego Prawa Międzynarodowego Europejskiego i Porównawczego” 2014, t. 12.

Brown C., Evolution and Application of Rules Concerning Independence of the International Judiciary, “The Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals” 2003, Vol. 2(1), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/157180303100420195.

Charney J.I., The Impact on the International Legal System of the Growth of International Courts and Tribunals, “New York University Journal of International Law and Politics” 1999, Vol. 31(4).

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Rome, ETS No. 005 (version prior to the entry into force of Protocol No. 11).

ECtHR Advisory Opinion of 12 February 2008.

ECtHR Advisory Opinion of 22 January 2010.

Ereciński T., Gudowski J., Iwulski J., Prawo o ustroju sądów powszechnych. Ustawa o KRS. Komentarz, Warszawa 2009.

Garlicki L., Konwencja o ochronie praw człowieka i podstawowych wolności, t. 2: Komentarz do artykułów 19–59 oraz Protokołów dodatkowych, Warszawa 2011.

Guidelines of the Committee of Ministers on the selection of candidates for the post of judge at the European Court of Human Rights, CM(2012)40.

Judgement of the European Court of Human Rights of 25 February 1997 in the case Findlay v. the United Kingdom.

Kolasa J., Niezależność sędziego międzynarodowego. Zarys problemu, [w:] Współczesne sądownictwo międzynarodowe, red. J. Kolasa, t. 2, Wrocław 2010.

Kowalski M., Pierwsza opinia doradcza Europejskiego Trybunału Praw Człowieka, „Europejski Przegląd Sądowy” 2018, nr 7.

Linehan J., Women and Public International Litigation. Background Paper, prepared for a seminar held by the Project on International Courts and Tribunals and Matrix Chambers, London, 13 July 2001.

Mackenzie R., Sands P., International Courts and Tribunals and the Independence of the International Judge, “Harvard International Law Journal” 2003, Vol. 44(1).

Protocol No. 14 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, amending the control system of the Convention, CETS No. 194.

Protocol No. 15 amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, CETS No. 213, Strasbourg, 24 June 2013, www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Protocol_15_ENG.pdf.

Przyborowska-Klimczak A., Sędziowie trybunałów międzynarodowych – kryteria i zasady wyboru, [in:] Pro Scientia Iuridica, red. M. Chrzanowski, A. Przyborowska-Klimczak, P. Sendecki, Lublin 2014.

Resolution of the Parliamentary Assembly No. 1646 (2009) of 27 January 2009.

Romano C.P.R., The Proliferation of International Judicial Bodies: The Pieces of the Puzzle, “New York University Journal of International Law and Politics” 1999, Vol. 31(4).

Romańska M., Pozainstancyjne środki ochrony prawnej, Warszawa 2013.

Sands P., Global Governance and the International Judiciary: Choosing Our Judges, “Contemporary Legal Problems” 2003, Vol. 56(1), DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/clp/56.1.481.

Statute of the International Court of Justice, 26 June 1945, 59 Stat. 1055, 33 U.N.T.S. 933.

Statute of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (Annex VI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea).

Zawistowski D., Niezależność sądów i niezawisłość sędziów z perspektywy prawa Unii Europejskiej, „Ruch Prawniczy i Ekonomiczny” 2016, nr 2, DOI: https://doi.org/10.14746/rpeis.2016.78.2.2.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2018.27.4.99-110
Data publikacji: 2019-06-15 14:20:02
Data złożenia artykułu: 2018-10-23 13:06:00


Statistics

Total abstract view - 431
Downloads (from 2020-06-17) - PDF - 0 PDF (Język Polski) - 0

Indicators



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.