Polityka prezydenta B. Obamy wobec Chin – analiza krytyczna

Elizabeth Freund Larus, Shirley Naa-kowaa Martey Hargis

Streszczenie w języku polskim


Polityka Stanów Zjednoczonych prowadzona wobec Chin w ciągu ostatniego ćwierćwiecza, pomimo różnic ideologicznych występujących pomiędzy kolejnymi prezydentami USA, odznaczała się wyjątkową spójnością. Prezydenci Stanów Zjednoczonych, których polityka zagraniczna była zbieżna z liberalną szkołą stosunków międzynarodowych, z reguły starali się oponentów angażować, aby w ten sposób doprowadzić do ich pozytywnej przemiany. Realiści z kolei próbują ograniczyć wpływ przeciwnika i powstrzymują jego potęgę. Od wczesnych lat 1990-tych prezydenci USA stosowali zarówno powstrzymywanie, jak i zaangażowanie. Najbardziej liberalny spośród prezydentów USA na przestrzeni ostatnich 25 lat, Barack Obama początkowo prowadził wobec Chin politykę angażowania. Dostrzegając jednak, iż Chiny coraz wyraźniej stanowią wyzwanie dla dominacji USA w regionie Azji i Pacyfiku, stopniowo wdrożył elementy polityki powstrzymywania. Prezentowany artykule zawiera analizę polityki administracji B. Obamy wobec Chin, w szczególności rozważa się w nim, czy polityka ta była spójna. We wnioskach stwierdzono, że zrównoważenie polityki administracji Obamy wobec Azji i Pacyfiku jest zgodne z amerykańską polityką Chin z czasów poprzednich administracji.


Słowa kluczowe


Polityka USA wobec Chin, Barack Obama, region Azji i Pacyfiku

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/teka.2017.12.2.7
Data publikacji: 2018-09-17 14:22:14
Data złożenia artykułu: 2018-09-17 12:53:05


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