Specific ultrastructure of the leaf mesophyll cells of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. (Poaceae)

Ewa Szczuka, Irena Giełwanowska, Agata Leszczuk, Marcin Domaciuk, Jacek Pietrusiewicz, Józef Bednara


The ultrastucture of mesophyll cells of Deschampsia antarctica Desv. (Poaceae) leaves was investigated using the standard method of preparing material for examination in transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The investigated leaves were collected from the Antarctic hairgrass growing in a tundra microhabitat and representing xermorphic morphological and anatomical features. The general anatomical features of mesophyll cells are similar to those in cells of another grass leaves. The observations of the ultrastructure of mesophyll cells have shown that the organelles are located close to each other in a relatively small amount of the cytoplasm or closely adhere to each other. Organelles such as mitochondria, peroxisomes, and Golgi apparatus, as well as osmiophilic materials are gathered close to the chloroplasts. The chloroplast of the mesophyll cells of the D. antarctica leaf can form concavities filled with the cytoplasm. Such behaviour and ultrastructure of organelles facilitate exchange/flow of different substances engaged in the metabolic activity of the cell between cooperating organelles.


Deschampsia antarctica; Poaceae; ultrastructure, leaf cells; cell organelles

Full Text:



Audran J-C. 1964. Contribution a l`etude morphologique et cytologique de la formation du grain de pollen chez le Stangeria paradoxa. Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris 258: 4322–4325.

Audran J-C. 1979. Microspores, pollen grains and tapetum ontogeny in Ceratozamia mexicana (Cycadaceae): an ultrastructural study. Phytomorphology 29: 350–362.

Baluska F., Barlow P. W. 1993. The role of the microtubular cytoskeleton in determining nuclear chromatin structure and passage of maize root cells through the cell cycle. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 61: 160–167.

Bąkowski Z. 1938. Próba klasyfikacji chondriokinezy u roślin wyższych. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 15 (4): 323–369.

Bednara J., Giełwanowska I., Rodkiewicz B. 1986. Regular arrangements of mitochondria and plastids during sporogenesis in Equisetum. Protoplasma 130: 145–152.

Bednara J., Giełwanowska I. 1987. Plastydy i mitochondria w sporogenezie u Equisetum. Folia Societatis Scientiarum Lublinensis, vol. 29, Biol. I: 3–9.

Bednara J., Rodkiewicz B. 1985. Distribution of plastids and mitochondria during sporogenesis in Equisetum hyemale. In: M. T. M. Willemse, J. L. van Went (eds). Sexual Reproduction in Seed Plants, Ferns and Mosses. Pudoc. Wageningen, 17–19.

Bednara J., Rodkiewicz B. 1988. Cytoplasmic organelles in microsporocytes of Larix and sporocytes of Polystichum. Ann. Sci. Univ. Reims ARERS, 23: 51–53.

Bednara J., Sokołowska-Kulczycka A. 1980. Ultrastruktura tapetum i pyłku Stellaria media L. Societas Scientiarum Lodziensis 34 (4): 1–4.

Bershadsky A. D., Vasiliev J. M. 1988. Cytoskeleton. P. H. Siekievitz (ed.). Series on Cellular Organelles. Plenum Press, New York.

Birky C. W. 1983. Partitioning of cytoplasmic organelles at cell division. Intern. Rev. Cytol. Suppl. 15: 49–89.

Brown R. C., Lemmon B. E. 1982a. Ultrastructural aspect of moss meiosis: cytokinesis and organelle apportionment in Rhynchostegium serrulatum. Jour. Hattori Bot. Lab. 53: 41–50.

Brown R. C., Lemmon B. E. 1982b. Ultrastructure of meiosis in the moss Rhynchostegium serrulatum. I. Prophasic microtubules and spindle dynamics. Protoplasma 110: 23–33.

Brown R. C., Lemmon B. E. 1985. A cytoskeletal system predicts division plane in meiosis of Selaginella. Protoplasma 127: 101–109.

Brown R. C., Lemmon B. E. 1990. Monoplastidic cell division in lower land plants. Am. J. Bot. 77: 559–571.

Brown R. C., Lemmon B. E. 1991. Plastid polarity and meiotic spindle development in microsporogenesis of Selaginella. Protoplasma, 161:168–180.

Busch F. A., Sage T. L., Cousins A. B., Sage R. F. 2013. C3 plants enhance rates of photosynthesis by reassimilating photorespired and respired CO2. Plant, Cell and Environment 36: 200–212.

Byxbee E. 1900. The development of the karyokinetic spindle in the pollen-mother-cells of Lavatera. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. ser. II Bot. 2: 63–82.

Denham H. J. 1924. The cytology of the cotton plant 1: Microspore formation in Sea Island Cotton. Ann. Bot. 38: 407–432.

Gabarayeva N. I. 1985. The development of spores in Psilotum nudum Psilotaceae): changes in cytoplasm and organelles of spore mother cells in metaphase and telophase I of meiosis. Bot. Zhur. 70: 441–450.

Geneves L. 1967. Sur la repartition et les mouvements des organites ytoplasmiques au cours de la meiose staminale et principalement endant le telophase heterotypique et homeotypique, dans le Ribes rubrum. Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, ser. D, 265: 1913–1916.

Geneves L. 1971. Phenomenes ultrastructuraux au cours de la meiose staminale chez Ribes rubrum (Grossulariacees). Bull. Soc. Bot. France 118: 481–524.

Hennis A. S., Birky C. W. 1984. Stochastic partitioning of chloroplasts at cell division in the alga Olisthodiscus, and compensating control of chloroplast replication. J. Cell Sci. 70: 1–15.

Jungers V. 1934. Mitochondries, chromosomes et fuseau dans les sporocytes de l`Equisetum limosum. Cellule 43: 321–340.

Kudlicka K., Rodkiewicz B. 1990. Organelle coatings of meiotic nuclei during microsporogenesis in Malvaceae. Phytomorphology 40: 33–41.

Lammeren A. A. M. van, Keijzer C. J., Willemse M. T. M., Kieft H. 1985. Structure and function of the microtubular cytoskeleton during pollen development in Gasteria verrucosa (Mill.) H. Duval. Planta 165:1–11.

Lee K.W. 1982. Ultrastructural study of sporogenesis in Psilotum. Bot. Soc. Amer. Misc. Publ. 162: 17–18.

Lewitsky G. 1926. Die chondriosomen in der Gonogenese bei Equisetum palustre L. Planta 1: 301–316.

Luxenburg A. 1927. Recharchesz cytologiques sur les grains de pollen chez les Malvacees. Bull. Int. Acad. Pol. Sci. Lett. ser. B 4/5: 363–394.

Mackenzie A., Heslop-Harrison J., Dickinson H. G. 1967. Elimination of ribosomes during meiotic prophase. Nature 215: 997–999.

Mann M. C. 1924. Microsporogenesis of Ginkgo biloba L. with especial reference to the distribution of the plastids and to cell wall formation.Univ. Calif. Publ. Agric. Sc. 2: 243–248.

Marengo N. P. 1962. The cytokinetic basis of tetrahedral symmetry in the spore quarter of Adiantum hispidum. Bul. Torrey Bot. Club 89: 42–48.

Marquette W. 1907. Manifestations of polarity in plant cells which apparently are without centrosomes. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. Abt. I, 21: 281–303.

Marquette W. 1908. Concerning the organisation of the spore mother-cells of Marsilia quadrifolia. Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. Arts Let. 16 (I, 1): 81-106.

Nicolosi-Roncati F. 1910. Formazioni mitocondriali negli elementi sessonali maschili dell Heleborus foetidus L. Rend. Acad. Sci. Fis. Mat. ser. 3a 16 (49): 109–119.

Pacini E., Juniper B. E. 1984. The ultrastructure of pollen grain development in Lycopersicum peruvianum. Caryologia 37: 21–50.

Rodkiewicz B., Bednara J., Giełwanowska I. 1985. The changing arrangement of plastid and mitochondria in meiotic cells of higher plants. Post. Biol. Kom. 12: 129–144.

Rodkiewicz B., Bednara J., Mostowska A., Duda E., Stobiecka H. 1986. The change in disposition of plastids and mitochondria during microsporogenesis and sporogenesis in some higher plants. Acta Bot. Neerl. 35: 209–215.

Rodkiewicz B., Bednara J., Duda E., Mostowska A. 1988a. Cytoplasmic organelles during meiosis I in microsporocytes of Stangeria. Ann. Sci. Univ. Reims ARERS 23: 48–50.

Rodkiewicz B., Bednara J., Kuraś M., Mostowska A. 1988b. Organelles and cell walls of microsporocytes in a cycad Stangeria during meiosis I. Phytomorphology 38 (2,3): 99–110.

Rodkiewicz B., Duda E. 1988. Aggregations of organelles in meiotic cells of higher plants. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 57 (4): 637–654.

Rodkiewicz B., Duda E., Bednara J. 1989. Organelle aggregation during microsporogenesis in Nymphaea. Flora 183: 397–404.

Rodkiewicz B., Duda E., Kudlicka K. 1988c. Organelle aggregations during microsporogenesis in Stangeria, Nymphaea and Malva. In: M. Cresti, P. Gori, E. Pacini (eds). Sexual Reproduction of Higher Plants. Springer-Verlag, Wien, 175–180.

Rodkiewicz B., Bednara J., Szczuka E. 1992. The organelle aggregation, plastid division and incipient cytokinesis I in simultaneous sporo- and microsporegenesis. Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 49/4: 75–80.

Sakai A., Shigenaga M. 1964. The behaviour ofmitochondria in pollen mother cells of Tradescantia reflexa. Cytologia 29: 214–225.

Saxton W.T. 1913. Contributions to the life-history of Tetraclinis articulata Masters, with some notes on the phylogeny of the Cupressoideae and Callitroideae. Ann. Bot. 27: 577–605.

Senjaninova M. 1927. Chondriokinese bei Nephrodium molle. Zeits. Zellforsch. Mikr. Anat. 6: 493–508.

Sheffield E., Bell P. R. 1979. Ultrastructural aspects of sporogenesis in fern Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn. Ann. Bot. 44: 392–405.

Sheffield E., Laird S., Bell P. R. 1983. Ultrastructural aspects of sporogenesis in the apogamous fern Dryopteris borrei. J. Cell Sci. 63: 125–134.

Suessenguth K. 1921. Bemerkungen zur meiotischen und somatischen Kernteilung bei einigen Monokotylen. Flora 114: 313–328.

Sugiura T. 1928. Cytological studies on Tropaeolum. II. Tropaeolum perigrinum. Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 42: 553–556.

Świdzińska M. 1998. Rośliny kwiatowe 2. Wielka Encyklopedia Przyrody. Wyd. Muza S.A., Warszawa.

Tchórzewska D., Brukhin V. B., Bednara J. 1996. Plastids and mitochondria comportment in dividing meiocytes of Psilotum nudum. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 65 (1-2): 91–96.

Tchórzewska D., Winiarczyk K., Pietrusiewicz J., Bednara J. 2008. A new type of microtubular cytoskeleton in microsporogenesis of Lavatera thuringiaca L. Protoplasma 232: 223–231.

Tchórzewska D., Bednara J. 2011. The dynamics of the actin cytoskeleton during sporogenesis in Psilotum nudum L. Protoplasma 248 (2): 289–298.

Trenin V. V. 1986. Citoembriologija listviennicy. Izd. Nauka, Leningrad.

Yi W., Shi-yi H. 1993. Cytoplasmic ultrastructural changes during microsporogenesis of Gossypium hirsutum: with emphasis on “cytoplasm reorganization”. Acta Bot. Sinica 35 (4): 255–260.

Youngman W. 1927. Studies in the cytology of the Hibisceae. Ann. Bot. 41: 755–777.

Wang F. H., Li Y., Shao W. 1988. Some observations on the ultrastructure of male gametophyte in Ginkgo biloba. Ann. Sci. Univ. Reims, ARERS. 23: 45–47.

Winiarczyk K. 2009. Badania embriologiczne bezpłodnych ekotypów Allium sativum L. Wydawnictwo UMCS, Lublin.

Wolniak S. M. 1976. Organelle distribution and apportionment during meiosis in the microsporocyte of Ginkgo biloba L. Amer. J. Bot. 63 (2): 251–258.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/c.2013.68.2.25
Data publikacji: 2015-07-18 01:57:32
Data złożenia artykułu: 2015-07-18 01:00:05


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Ewa Szczuka, Irena Giełwanowska, Agata Leszczuk, Marcin Domaciuk, Jacek Pietrusiewicz, Józef Bednara

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.