Pollen grain on the compatible and incompatible stigma of Secale cereale L.

Krystyna Winiarczyk, Dorota Tchórzewska


The course of pollination processes, pollen morphology and the degree of stigma pollination both in self-compatible (four lines) and in self-incompatible (two cultivars) plants of Secale cereale were examined. It was ascertained that either the self-compatible or the self-incompatible plants produced in anthers large amounts of the vital pollen, which during pollination was deposited in different manner on the stigma surface. It is worth noting that the presence of the leftovers of tapetum between mature pollen grains only in the anther of two self-incompatible cultivars was observed.


pollination; compatibility; stigma; pollen grain; rye

Full Text:



Boyes D. C., Nasrallah J. B. 1995. An anther-specific gene encoded by an S locus haplotype of Brassica produces complementary and differentially regulated transcripts. Plant Cell 7: 1283–1294.

Brewbaker J. L. 1990. Incompatibility and the pollen grain. Recent. Adv. Bot. 1959: 2–46.

Charzyńska M., Murgia M., Cresti M. 1990. Microspore of Secale cereale as a transfer cell type. Protoplasma 158: 26–32.

Dajoz I., Till-Bottraud I., Gouyon P. H. 1991. Evolution of pollen morphology. Science 253: 66–68.

Darwin C. 1876. The Effects of Cross- and Self-fertilisation in the Vegetable Kingdom. London UK: John Murray.

Dickinson H. G., Elleman C. J., Doughty J. 2000. Pollen coating-chimaeric genetics and new functions. Sex. Plant Reprod. 5: 302–309.

Elleman C. J., Franklin-Tong V., Dickinson H. G. 1992. Pollination in species with dry stigmas - the nature of the early stigmatic response and the pathway taken by pollen tubes. New Phyt. 121: 413–424.

Franklin-Tong V.E., Franklin F. Ch. H. 1992. Gametophytic self-incompatibility in Papaver rhoeas L. Sex. Plant Reprod. 5: 1–7.

Franklin-Tong N., Franklin F. Ch. H. 2003. Gametophytic self-incompatibility inhibits pollen tube growth using different mechanisms. Trends Plant Sci. 8: 598–605.

Ganders F. R. 1975. Mating patterns in self-incompatible distylous populations of Amsinckia (Boraginaceae). Can. J. Bot. 53: 773–779.

Ganders F.R. 1979. The biology of heterostyly. New Zealand J. Bot. 17: 607–635.

Gertz A., Wricke G. 1989. Linkage between the incompatibility locus-Z and a beta- glucosidase locus in rye. Plant Breeding 102: 255–259.

Hackauf B., Wehling P. 2005. Approaching the self-incompatibility locus Z in rye (Secale cereale L.) via comparative genetics. Theor. Appl. Genet. 110: 832–845.

Herrero M., Dickinson H. G. 1980. Pollen tube growth following compatible and incompatible intraspecific pollinations in Petunia hybrida. Planta 148: 217–221.

Heslop-Harrison J., Heslop-Harrison Y. 1981. The pollen-stigma interaction in the grasses 2: Pollen-tube penetration and the stigma response in Secale. Acta Bot. Neerl. 30: 289–307.

Ikeda A. 1997. An aquaporin-like gene required for the Brassica self-incompatibility response. Science 27: 1563–1566.

Jackson J. F., Linskens H. F. 1990. Bioassay for incompatibility. Sex. Plant Reprod. 3: 207–212.

Jensen W. A. 1962. Botanical Histochemistry: Principles and Practice. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco.

Kandasamy M. K., Nasrallah J. B., Nasrallah M.E. 1994. Pollen-pistil interactions and developmental regulation of pollen tube growth in Arabidopsis. Development 120: 3405–3418.

Kirpes C., Lynn G. C., Lersten N. R. 1996. Systematic significance of pollen arrangement in microsporangia of Poaceae and Cyperaceae: review and observations on representative taxa. Am. J. Bot. 83, (12): 1609–1622.

Knox R. B. 1984. Pollen–pistil Interaction. In: H. F. Linskens, J. Heslop-Harrison (eds). Cellular Interaction. Springer Verlag, Berlin–Heidelberg–New York–Tokio 102: 9–24.

Lord E. 2000. Adhesion and cell movement during pollination: cherchez la femme. Trends in Plant Science 5, (9): 368–373.

Lush W. M., Clarke A. E. 1997. Observations of pollen tube growth in Nicotiana alata and their implication for the mechanism of self-incompatibility. Sex. Plant Reprod. 10: 27–35.

McClure B.A., Franklin-Tong V. 2006. Gametophytic self-incompatibility: understanding the cellular mechanisms involved in ‘self ’ pollen tube inhibition. Planta 224: 233–245.

Nasrallah J. B. 2002. Recognition and rejection of self in plant reproduction. Science 296: 305–308.

Nettancour D. 1977. Incompatibility in Angiosperms: The Pollen-pistil Interactions and Developmental Regulation of Pollen Tube Growth. Springer Verlag, New York.

Nettancourt D. 2001. Incompatibility and Incongruity in Wild and Cultivated Plants. 2nd edn, Springer, Berlin–Heidelberg–New York.

Shivanna K.R., Heslop-Harrison Y., Heslop-Harrison J. 1982. The pollen-stigma interaction in the grasses. 3. Features of the self-incompatibility response. Acta Bot. Neerl. 31: 307–319.

Śnieżko R., Winiarczyk K. 1996. Pollen tube incompatibility reaction on the stigma in self-pollination Sinapis alba L. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 65: 101–105.

Vithanage H., Knox R.B. 1979. Pollen-wall proteins: quantitative cytochemistry of the origin of the intine and exine enzymes in Brassica oleracea. J. Cell Sci. 21: 423–435.

Wehling P., Hackauf B., Wricke G. 1994. Phosphorylation of pollen proteins in relation to self-incompatibility in rye (Secale cereale L.). Sex. Plant Reprod. 7: 67–75.

Yang B., Thorogood D., Armstead I., Barth S. 2008. How far are we from unravelling self-incompatibility in grasses? New

Zinkl G. M., Zwiebel B. I., Grier D. G., Preuss D. 1999. Pollen-stigma adhesion in Arabidopsis: a species-specific interaction mediated by lipophilic molecules in the pollen exine. Development 126: 5431–5440.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/c.2013.68.2.45
Data publikacji: 2015-07-18 01:57:33
Data złożenia artykułu: 2015-07-18 01:37:01


Total abstract view - 111
Downloads (from 2020-06-17) - PDF - 0



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Krystyna Winiarczyk, Dorota Tchórzewska

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.