Genotypic response of barley to exogenous application of nanoparticles under water stress condition

Hamid Ghorbanian, Mohsen Janmohammadi, Asghar Ebadi-Segherloo, Naser Sabaghnia


Beneficial nanoparticles (SiO2 and TiO2) can have various profound effects on the crop physiological, biochemical and morphological characteristics. Here, we evaluated the mitigation of drought stress in barley genotypes by foliar application of SiO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles under filed condition in North West of Iran. Nanoparticles were foliar applied in late vegetative phase and during reproductive stages. Drought was imposed at by irrigation withdrawals during the dry months in the end of the growing season. We measured parameters related morphological growth, yield, and yield component. The genetic diversity between the genotypes was quite evident and the highest seed yield and yield component were recorded for G1, G2, G4, G11, G12 and G13. Foliar application of nanoparticles considerably affected the plant height, thousand seed weight, biological and seed yield. The best performance was observed for plant treated with SiO2 nanoparticles. Spike length of G2, G6, G13 and G20 considerably responded to nano silicone foliar application. However, the best results for G8, G11 and G20 were obtained by foliar application TiO2 nanoparticles while this treatment decreased the seed yield components in G1, G5, G9, G10, G15 and G20. This could be due to genetic variation between the evaluated genotypes and high sensitivity of some genotypes to the applied concentration. The results of current study showed that application of SiO2 nanoparticles under water stress condition could have more beneficial effects on yield component of barley genotypes.


alleviating drought stress, correlation, nano-silicon dioxide, TiO2 nanoparticles, yield component

Full Text:



Ansari-Maleki Y. 2005. Genetic diversity of barley cultivars developed through a reform of the F1 generation. Dryland Agricultural Research Institute. In: Final Research Report, no. 85, pp. 48–72 (In Persian).

Epstein E. 1994. The anomaly of silicon in plant biology. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, no. 91, pp. 11–17.

Faostat 2016. Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Statistics Division. Economic and Social Development Department, Rome, Italy. http://faostat3. fao. org/home/E. Accessed, 12.

Gao X., Zou C., Wang L., Zhang F. 2005. Silicon improves water use efficiency in maize plants. In: Journal of Plant Nutrition, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1457–1470.

H wang S.J., Park H.M., Jeong B.R. 2005. Effect of potassium silicate on the growth of miniature rose ‘Pinocchio’ grown on rock wool and its cut flower quality. In: Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science, no. 74, pp. 242–247.

Janmohammadi M., Amanzadeh T., Sabaghnia N., Ion V. 2016. Effect of nano-silicon foliar application on safflower growth under organic and inorganic fertilizer regimes. In: Botanica Lithuanica, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 53–64.

Janmohammadi M., Mohamadi N., Shekari F., Abbasi A., Esmailpour M. 2017. The effects of silicon and titanium on safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) growth under moisture deficit condition. In: Acta Agriculturae Slovenica, vol. 109, no. 2, pp. 443-455. DOI: 10.14720/aas.2017.109.2.27

Janmohammadi M., Navid A., Segherloo A.E., Sabaghnia N. 2016. Impact of nano-chelated micronutrients and biological fertilizers on growth performance and grain yield of maize under deficit irrigation condition. In: Biologija, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 134–147. DOI: 10.6001/biologija.v62i2.3339

Karimi J., Mohsenzadeh S. 2016. Effects of silicon oxide nanoparticles on growth and physiology of wheat seedlings. In: Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 119–123.

Karunakaran G., Suriyaprabha R., Manivasakan P., Yuvakk Umar R., Rajendran V., Prabu P., Kannan N. 2013. Effect of nanosilica and silicon sources on plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, soil nutrients and maize seed germination. In: IET Nanobiotechnology, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 70–77.

Kaur S., Kaur N., Siddique K.H., Nayyar H. 2016. Beneficial elements for agricultural crops and their functional relevance in defence against stresses. In: Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, vol. 62, no. 7, pp. 905–920.

Kaya C., Tuna L., Higgs D. 2006. Effect of silicon on plant growth and mineral nutrition of maize grown under water-stress conditions. In: Journal of Plant Nutrition, vol. 29, no. 8, 1469–1480. DOI:10.1080/01904160600837238

Kim Y.H., Khan A.L., Kim D.H., Lee S.Y., Kim K.M., Waqas M. et al. 2014. Silicon mitigates heavy metal stress by regulating P-type heavy metal ATPases, Oryza sativa low silicon genes, and endogenous phytohormones. In: BMC Plant Biology, vol.14, no. 1. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-14-13

Lei Z., Mingyu S., Chao L., Liang C., Hao H., Xiao W., et al. 2007. Effects of nanoanatase TiO2 on photosynthesis of spinach chloroplasts under different light illumination. In: Biological Trace Element Research, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 68–76.

Luyckx M., Hausman J.F., Lutts S., Guerriero G. 2017. Silicon and plants: current knowledge and technological perspectives. In: Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 8, no. 411. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00411.

Ma J.F., Miyake Y., Takahashi E. 2001. Silicon in Agriculture. Elsevier Science. Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Ma J.F., Tamai K., Yamaji N., Mitani N., Konishi S., Katsuhara M., Ishiguro M., Murata Y ., Yano M. 2006. A silicon transporter in rice. In: Nature, vol. 440, no. 7084, 688. DOI: 10.1038/nature04590

Marschner H. 2012. Marschner’s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press. London. 19. Meier U., Bleiholder H., Buhr L., Feller C., Hack H., Heß M., Van Den Boom T., Weber E. 2009. The BBCH system to coding the phenological growth stages of plants – history and publications. Journal für Kulturpflanzen, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 41–52.

Modarres R., Da Silva V.P.R. 2007. Rainfall trends in arid and semi-arid regions of Iran. In: Journal of Arid Environments, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 344–355.

Ortiz R., Braun H.J., Crossa J., Crouch J., Davenport G., Dixon J., Dreisigacker S., Duveiller E., He Z., Huerta J., Joshi A.K. 2008. Wheat genetic resources enhancement by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, vol. 55, pp. 1140–1195.

Paltineanu C., Mihailescu I.F., Seceleanu I., Dragota C., Vasenciuc F. 2007. Using aridity indices to describe some climate and soil features in Eastern Europe: a Romanian case study. In: Theoretical and Applied Climatology, no. 90, pp. 263–274.

Raliya R., Saharan V., Dimkpa C., Biswas P. 2017. Nanofertilizer for precision and sustainable agriculture: current state and future perspectives. In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Article ASAP. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b02178

Siddiqui M.H., Al-Whaibi M., Mohammad F., Al-Khaishany M.Y. 2015. Role of Nanoparticles in Plants. Book Nanotechnology and Plant Science, pp. 19–35. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-14502-0_2.

Singh R.K., Choudhary B.D. 1985. Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis, Kalyani Publishers (Rev. Ed., 1985), Ludhiana, pp. 39–68.

Tantawy A.S., Salama Y.A.M., El-Nemr M.A., Abdel-Mawgoud A.M.R. 2015. Nano-silicon application improves salinity tolerance of sweet pepper plants. In: International Journal of ChemTech Research, vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 11–17.

Tavakoli A.R., Moghadam M.M., Sepaskhah A.R. 2015. Evaluation of the AquaCrop model for barley production under deficit irrigation and rainfed condition in Iran. In: Agricultural Water Management, no. 161, pp. 136–146.

Toyota M., Tsutsui I., Kusutani A., Asanuma K.I. 2001. Initiation and development of spikelets and florets in wheat as influenced by shading and nitrogen supply at the spikelet phase. In: Plant Production Science, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 283–290.

Data publikacji: 2019-01-07 08:24:07
Data złożenia artykułu: 2019-01-04 14:30:40


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Hamid Ghorbanian, Mohsen Janmohammadi, Asghar Ebadi-Segherloo, Naser Sabaghnia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.