Development and trends of the general referendum law proposals in the Czech Republic

Dušan Brabec

Streszczenie w języku polskim


The possibilities of introducing elements of direct democracy into the Czech constitutional framework are often being reduced to efforts to implement a general referendum. During more than 25 years of the existence of an independent Czech Republic, the Czech Parliament discussed 21 proposals of the general referendum law. However, despite the relatively large number of the proposals, the Czech legislators did not agree on the form which the general referendum should have in the Czech Republic - none of the submitted proposals of the law on the general referendum has so far been accepted. Proposals of the general referendum law were not identical. Therefore, this paper aims to analyse 21 proposals submitted to the Czech Parliament. The main emphasis will be put on the overall role which a general referendum should fulfil in case it is implemented into the Czech legal framework. Should a general referendum serve only as a complementary instrument in the context of parliamentary democracy applied in the Czech Republic or should it be used as a regular tool to exercise power by citizens of the Czech Republic which corresponds much more to the system based on direct democracy? Which of these poles are the proposals approaching, or is it possible to observe a certain trend in the submitted proposals of the general referendum laws? Are the proposals, that are repeatedly submitted by the same political parties consistent in their content? Those are the main issues, which will be addressed in this paper.


Słowa kluczowe


Referendum; Czech Republic; proposal

Pełny tekst:

PDF (English)

Bibliografia


Altman, D. 2017. The Potential of Direct Democracy: A Global Measure (1900–2014), “Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement“, vol. 133(3), pp. 1207–1227, DOI: http//dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-016-1408-0.

Amendment no. 914/2. 2005. Amendment and other proposals to the press 914/0, Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=4&CT=914&CT1=2 (access: 28.6.2018).

Constitution of the Czech Republic 1992.

Constitutional Law no. 515/2002. 2002. On the referendum on the accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, http://www.psp.cz/sqw/sbirka.sqw?o=4&T=50 (access: 28.6.2018).

Gross, A., Kaufmann, B. 2002. IRI Europe country index on citizenlawmaking 2002: A report on design and rating of the I&R requirements and practices of 32 European states, IRI Europe, Amsterdam.

Kużelewska, E. 2014. Referendum in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, “Annales UMCS, Sectio K: Politologia, vol. 21 (1), pp. 97–110, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/k.2014.21.1.97.

Law proposal no. 1039. 2001. Governmental Draft of the Constitutional Law on Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=3&CT=1039&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 104. 1996. Draft of the Constitutional Act on the Referendum and the Supplement to the Constitution of the Czech Republic. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, http://public.psp.cz/eknih/1996ps/tisky/t010400.htm (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 111. 2018. Draft of the Law on the Nationwide Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=8&CT=111&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 114. 2014. Draft of the Constitutional Law on the Nationwide Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=7&CT=114&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 116. 2014. Draft of the Constitutional Law on Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=7&CT=116&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 117. 2018. Draft of the Constitutional Law on Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=8&CT=117&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 120. 1999. Draft of the Constitutional Law on Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=3&CT=120&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 134. 2007. Draft of the Constitutional Law on the Nationwide Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=5&CT=134&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 149. 1997. Draft of the Constitutional Law on Referendum and Citizen Legilative Initiative. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, http://public.psp.cz/eknih/1996ps/tisky/t014900.htm (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 18. 1998. Draft of the Constitutional Law on Popular Vote. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=3&CT=18&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 1874. 1995. Draft of the Constitutional Law on Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, http://public.psp.cz/eknih/1993ps/tisky/t187400.htm (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 192. 2007. Draft of the Constitutional Law on the Nationwide Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=5&CT=192&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 2096. 1996. Constitutional Law on the Referendum and the Amendment to the Constitution. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, http://public.psp.cz/eknih/1993ps/tisky/t209600.htm (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 35. 2017. Draft of the Law on the Nationwide Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=8&CT=35&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 494. 1993. Constitutional Law on Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, http://public.psp.cz/eknih/1993ps/tisky/t049400.htm (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 520. 2011. Draft of the Constitutional Law on the Nationwide Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=6&CT=520&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 559. 2015. Governmental Draft of the Constitutional Law on the Nationwide Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=7&CT=559&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 661. 2012. Governmental Draft of the Constitutional Law on the Nationwide Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=6&CT=661&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 695. 2000. Governmental Draft of the Law on Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=3&CT=695&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 8. 2010. Draft of the Constitutional Law on the Nationwide Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=6&CT=8&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Law proposal no. 914. 2005. Governmental Draft of the Constitutional Law on the Nationwide Referendum. Joint Czech and Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library, https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/tiskt.sqw?O=4&CT=914&CT1=0 (access: 28.6.2018).

Lebeda, T. 2003. Referendum o přistoupení ČR k Evropské unii. Několik různých pohledů na první všelidové hlasování v Česku, “Politologický časopis”, 3/2004, pp. 206–223.

Maniquet, F., Morelli, M. 2010. Approval quorums dominate participation quorums, EUI Working Papers, ECO 2010/13.

Mates, P. 2004. K omezení místního referenda, „Právní zpravodaj“, vol. 4.

Mates, P. 2007. Právní úprava místního referenda, „Právní fórum“, vol. 2.

Ministry of Interior. 2018. Local referendums report table 2006–2018, www.mvcr.cz/soubor/mistni-referenda-tabulka-hlaseni.aspx

Munck, G.L., Verkuilen, J. 2002. Conceptualizing and measuring democracy: Evaluating alternative indices, “Comparative Political Studies“, vol. 35(1), pp. 5–34.

Pavlíček, V. 2002. O české státnosti. Úvahy a polemiky, Karolinum, Praha.

Pavlíček, V., Hřebejk, J. 1998. Ústava a ústavní řád České republiky. Komentář. Díl 1. Ústavní systém. 2. dopl. a podstatně rozš., Linde, Praha.

Pechanec, P. 2011. Přímá demokracie v České republice, Wolters Kluwer ČR, Praha.

Perottino, M. 2005. The Czech Accession Referendum: ‘yes’, but no passion, [in:] European Union Accession Referendums, J.-M. De Waele (ed.), Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brusel, pp. 23–30.

Sládeček, V., Mikule, V., Syllová, J. 2007. Ústava České republiky, 1. vydání, C.H. Beck, Praha.

Šimíček, V. 2003. Právní zakotvení institutu referenda v ústavním pořádku České republiky, “Politologický časopis“, vol. 2, pp. 141–148.

Špok, R., Řiháčková, V., Weiss, T., Bartovic, V. Dromard, J. 2006.Místní referenda v České republice a ve vybraných zemích Evropské unie, Institut Europeum, Praha, pp. 11–50.

Vatter, A. 2009. Lijphart expanded: Three dimensions of democracy in advanced OECD countries? „European Political Science Review“, 1(1), pp. 125–153, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755773909000071.

Vedral, J. 2004. Ještě k omezení místního referenda. „Právní zpravodaj“, 10, pp. 13-15.

Vojtíšková, K. 2016. Česká cesta k participativnímu rozpočtování, http://utopia.sk/liferay/home/-/asset_publisher/c8Vy/content/katerina-vojtiskova-ceska-cesta-k-participativnimu-rozpoctovani/187913/pop_up?_101_INSTANCE_c8Vy_viewMode=print (access: 28.6.2018).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/k.2018.25.2.99-115
Data publikacji: 2019-02-05 10:53:52
Data złożenia artykułu: 2018-06-28 23:22:31

Odwołania zewnętrzne

  • Brak odwołań zewnętrznych


Prawa autorskie (c) 2019 Dušan Brabec

Creative Commons License
Powyższa praca jest udostępniana na lcencji Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.