Formulaic Sequences in First Language Acquisition and Foreign Language Learning

Marta Orlik

Abstract


Formulaic sequences constitute a large part of the language we speak. This group contains, for example, idiomatic expressions, proverbs, mnemonics, or larger texts taught as a whole, like songs or prayers. They seem to be stored in our mental lexicon rather than created from scratch every time they are needed. The aim of the present article is to examine some types of formulaic sequences and discuss their function in communication. First, the article describes how children acquire and make use of formulaic sequences when they start speaking English as their mother tongue. Secondly, the paper discusses the difference between learning English as an L1 and as an L2. The paper aims to discuss various strategies used by children who do not speak English but have to use it because they find themselves in English-speaking environments. Furthermore, the article discusses some selected issues concerning adults learning formulaic sequences and major problems connected with it. Such difficulties usually stem from not having enough linguistic input from native speakers and therefore not being able to recognise strings of words that are most likely to occur.

 


Keywords


formulaic sequences, formulas, fused strings, prefabricated chunks

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ackermann, Kirsten, and Yu-Hua Chen. 2013. “Developing the Academic Collocation List (ACL) – A corpus-driven and expert-judged approach.” Journal of English for Academic Purposes 12(4):235–247.

Alali, Fatima A., and Norbert Schmitt. 2012. “Teaching Formulaic Sequences: The Same as or Different From Teaching Single Words?” TESOL Journal 3:153–180.

Bartsch, Sabine, and Stefan Evert. 2014. “Towards a Firthian notion of collocation” In Vernetzungsstrategien, Zugriffsstrukturen und automatisch ermittelte Angaben in Internetwörterbüchern, ed. Andrea Abel and Lothar Lemnitzer, number 2/2014 in OPAL - Online publizierte Arbeiten zur Linguistik, 48–61. Mannheim: Institut für Deutsche Sprache.

Biber, Douglas, Stig Johansson, Geoffrey Leech, Susan Conrad, and Edward Finegan. 1999. Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

Cook, Guy. 1994. “Repetition and learning by heart: An aspect of intimate discourse, and its implications” ELT Journal 48 (2):133–141.

Goldfield, Beverly. 1987. “The contributions of child and caregiver to referential and expressive language.” Applied Psycholinguistics 8(3):267–280.

Hatami, Sarvenaz. 2015. “Teaching Formulaic Sequences in the ESL Classroom.” TESOL Journal 6:112–129.

Myles, Florence, Janet Hooper, and Rosamond Mitchell. 1998. “Rote or rule? Exploring the role of formulaic language in classroom foreign language learning.” Language Learning 48(3):323–363.

Omidian, Taha, Hesamoddin Shahriari, and Behzad Ghonsooly. 2016. “Evaluating the Pedagogic Value of Multi-Word Expressions Based on EFL Teachers’ and Advanced Learners’ Value Judgements” TESOL Journal. doi:10.1002/tesj.284

Pawley, Andrew, and Frances H. Syder. 1983. “Two puzzles for linguistic theory: nativelike selection and nativelike fluency” In Language and communication, ed. Jack C. Richards and Richard W. Schmidt, 191–226. New York: Longman.

Redeker, Gisele. 1990. “Ideational and pragmatic markers of discourse structure.” Journal of Pragmatics 14(3):367–381.

Reynolds, Barry L. 2016. “The Effects of Target Word Properties on the Incidental Acquisition of Vocabulary Through Reading.” The Electronic Journal for English as a Second Language 20(3). Accessed May 26 on http://www.tesl-ej.org/pdf/ej79/a4.pdf

Wible, David. 2008. “Multiword expressions and the digital turn” in Phraseology in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching, ed. Fanny Meunier and Sylviane Granger, 163–180. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Wood, David. 2010. Perspectives on Formulaic Language: Acquisition and Communication. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Wood, David. 2015. Fundamentals of Formulaic Language: An Introduction. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Wray, Alison, and Michael Perkins. 2000. “The functions of formulaic language: an integrated model”. Language in Communication 20:1–28.

Wray, Alison. 2002. Formulaic Language and the Lexicon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/nh.2017.2.17
Data publikacji: 2017-08-17 12:08:45
Data złożenia artykułu: 2017-08-17 10:23:50

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Marta Orlik

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.