Imbalanced Nutrient Accumulation in the Coastal Soils Induced by Salinity Intrusion

Ferdouse Zaman Tanu et al.


Salinity intrusion worldwide is a problem of consideration for the global food production and ensuring food security. In this investigation, we focused to find out the key chemical elements for this salinity problem. In this paper, the authors reported the high accumulation of sodium (Na+) and increased EC (6.9 dS/m) values than that of the previous year (4.67 dS/m). We found the highest EC, Na+, and ESP of 6.9 ds/m, 2.6 meq/100 g of soil, and 19.1%, respectively at Dumki, Potuakhali. The highest increase of exchangeable Na+ was found in Tojumuddin, Bhola. The result is 55% more when compared to the previous investigated result. Contrary to the Na+ increase, we found an 84-91% decrease of the organic matter (OM) in the investigated samples. The excessive increase of exchangeable Na+ and decrease of OM in this investigation indicate the salinity intrusion and low nutrient content in the coastal soils of Bangladesh. 


nutrient imbalance; sodium accumulation; salinity intrusion; coastal soils

Full Text:



Akter, M., Alam, M.S., Chowdhury, A.K., Chowdhury, M.A.H., 2012. Soil organic matter, mineral nutrients and heavy metals status of some selected regions of Bangladesh. Journal of Environmental Science & Natural Resources, 5(2): 01–09.

Alam M., Carpenter-Boggs, L., Shishir, M., Md. Haque, M., Halsey, J., Rokonuzzaman, M., Badhan S., Moniruzzaman, M., 2017. Effect of Salinity Intrusion on Food Crops, Livestock, and Fish Species at Kalapara Coastal Belt in Bangladesh. Journal of Food Quality, 2017, 2045157: 23.

Allison, M.A., Khan, S.R., Goodbred, J., Kuehl, SA., 2003. Stratigraphic evolution of the late Holocene Ganges-Brahmaputra lower delta plain. Sedimentary Geology, 155(3–4): 317–342.

Anwar, M.K., 1993. Evaluation of some physico-chemical characteristics of saline soil. M.Sc. (Ag.) thesis, Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, pp.1–79.

APHA (American Public Health Association), 1998. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (20th ed.), Washington, DC.

Azad, A.K., Bala, P., 2011. Chemical Properties of Different Saline and non-Saline Soils of Bangladesh. Journal of Soil and Nature, 5(1): 1–5.

Bala, B.K., Hossain, M.A., 2009. Integrated Management of Coastal Zone for Food Security. Department of Farm Power and Machinery, Final Technical report-CF 5, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Dhaka. 134 p.

Chorom, M., Rengasamy, P., 1995. Dispersion and zeta potential of pure clays as related to net particle charge under varying pH, electrolyte concentration and cation type. European Journal of Soil Science, 46(4): 657–665.

Clermont-Dauphin, C., Suwannang, N., Grünberger, O., Hammecker C., Maeght J.L., 2010. Yield of rice under water and soil salinity risks in farmers’ filds in northeast Thailand. Field Crops Research, 118(3): 289–296.

Coleman, J.M., 1969. Brahmaputra river: channel processes and sedimentation. Sedimentary Geology, 3: 129–239.

Dasgupta, S., Hossain, M.M., Huq, M., Wheeler, D., 2015. Climate change and soil salinity: The case of coastal Bangladesh. Ambio, 44(8): 815–826.

Hanson, B. R., Grattan, S. R., Fulton. A., 1999. Agricultural Salinity and Drainage. Publication 3375: 141. Div. of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, Oakland.

Haque, S.A., 2006. Salinity problems and crop production in coastal regions of Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 38(5): 1359–1365.

Horneck, D., Hopkins, B.G., Stevens, R., Ellsworth, J.W., Sullivan, D.M., 2007. Irrigation Water Quality in the Pacifi North-West. PNW 597-E. Oregon State University. Corvallis. Available at:

Hossain, M., 1988. Nature and impact of the green revolution in Bangladesh. International Food Policy Research Institute, 67.

Hossain, S.M.A., Kashem, M.A., 1997. Agronomic management to combat declining soil fertility in Bangladesh. In: 6th Biennial Conference of the Bangladesh Society of Agronomy, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Hunt, J., 1980. Determination of total sulphur in small amounts of plant material. The Analyst, 105(1246): 83–85.

Islam, M.R., 2006. Managing Diverse Land Uses in Coastal Bangladesh: Institutional Approaches. Environment and Livelihoods in Tropical Coastal Zones, (eds. C.T. Hoanh, T.P. Tuong, J.W. Gowing, B. Hardy). CAB International.

Jackson, M.L., 1967. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

Karim, M.R., 2006. Brackish-water shrimp cultivation threatens permanent damage to coastal agriculture in Bangladesh. In: C.T. Hoanh et al. (Eds.), Environment and Livelihoods in Tropical Coastal Zones. Managing Agriculture-Fishery-Aquaculture Conflcts 2, 61e71.

Kaushal, S.S. et al., 2021. Freshwater salinization syndrome: from emerging global problem to managing risks. Biogeochemistry, 154: 255–292.

Khanom T., 2016. Effect of salinity on food security in the context of interior coast of Bangladesh. Ocean & Coastal Management, 130: 205–212.

Mass, E.V., Hoffman, G.J., 1977. Crop salt tolerance – current assessment. ASCE Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 103(2):115–134.

Naher, M. Uddin, M.K., Alam, A.K.M., 2011. Impact of salinity on soil properties of coastal areas of Bangladesh. AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 33(2): 161−173.

Oertli, J.J., 1991. Nutrient Management under Water and Salinity Stress. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Nutrient Management for Sustained Productivity (pp. 138–165). Department of Soil Science. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.

Ondrasek, G., Rengel, Z., Veres, S., 2011. Soil salinisation and salt stress in crop production. In: A. Shanker, B. Venkateswarlu (Eds.), Abiotic Stress in Plants – Mechanisms and Adaptations. Available at:

Petersen, L., Shireen, S., 2001. Soil and Water Salinity in the Coastal Area of Bangladesh. Soil Research and Development Institute. Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Rahman, S., Thapa, G.B., 1999. Environmental impacts of technological change in Bangladesh agriculture: farmers’ perceptions and empirical evidence. Outlook on Agriculture, 28(4): 233e238.

Sarwar, G.M., 2005. Impacts of Sea Level Rise on the Coastal Zone of Bangladesh. Unpublished MA Thesis, Lund University, Lund.

Shahid, S.A., Mahmoud, A.A., Taha, F.K., 2013. Developments in Soil Salinity Assessment and Reclamation. Springer, Dordrecht – Heidelberg – New York – London.

Sharma, B.D., Kumar, R., Singh, B., Sethi, M., 2009. Micronutrients distribution in salt-affected soils of the Punjab in relation to soil properties. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 55(4): 367–377.

Shil, N.C., Saleque, M.A., Islam, M.R., Jahiruddin, M., 2016. Soil fertility status of some of the intensive crop growing areas under major agro-ecological zones of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 41(4): 735–757.

Sparks, D.L., Page, A.L., Helmke, P.A., Loeppert, R.H., Soltanpour, P.N., Tabatabai, M.A., Johnston, C.T., Sumner, M.E., 1996. Methods of Soil Analysis, part 3: Chemical Methods, Soil Science Society of America, American Society of Agronomy.

SRDI (Soil Resources Development Institute, Bangladesh), 1998. Land and Soil Resource Utilization (in Bengali). Thana Nirdeshika Series Terokhada Thana, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

SRDI, 1999. Land and Soil Resource Utilization (in Bengali). Thana Nirdeshika Series Muladi Thana. Dhaka, Bangladesh.

SRDI, 2001. Land and Soil Resource Utilization (in Bengali). Thana Nirdeshika Series Tojumuddin Upazila. Dhaka, Bangladesh.

SRDI, 2009. Land and Soil Resource Utilization (in Bengali). Thana Nirdeshika Series Dumki Upazila. Dhaka, Bangladesh.

SRDI, 2012. Saline Soils of Bangladesh. SFSDP Program. Ministry of Agriculture, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

SSSA (Soil Science Society of America), 1996. Methods of Soil Analysis, part 3: Chemical Methods. Soil Science Society of America, American Society of Agronomy. Madison.

Uddin, M.J., Mohiuddin, A.S.M, Hossain, S.T., Hakim, A., 2013. Eco-environmental changes of wetland resources of Hakaluki haor in Bangladesh using GIS technology. Journal of Biodiversity and Endangered Species, 1: 1.

Uddin, M. J., Mohiuddin, A.S.M., Hakim, A., Hasan, K., 2014. A study on some black terai soils of Bangladesh. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Science, 40(1): 61–65.

Walkley, A.C., Black T.A., 1934. Estimation of soil organic carbon by chromic acid titration method. Soil Science, 47: 29–38.

Weissman, D.S., Tully, K.L., 2020. Saltwater intrusion affects nutrient concentrations in soil pore water and surface waters of coastal habitats. Ecosphere, 11(2): e03041.

Zayed, B.A., Salem, A.K.M., El Sharkawy, H.M., 2011. Effect of different micronutrient treatments on rice (Oriza sativa L.) growth and yield under saline soil conditions. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7(2): 179–184.

Zhu, Z., Wie, G., Li, J., Qian, Q., Yu, J., 2004. Silicon alleviates salt stress and increases antioxidant enzymes activity in leaves of salt-stressed cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Plant Science, 167: 527–533.

Data publikacji: 2022-06-27 10:25:05
Data złożenia artykułu: 2021-08-19 20:00:58


Total abstract view - 820
Downloads (from 2020-06-17) - PDF - 293



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Azizul Hakim

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.