On the Beginnings of the Axiology in Employment Using the Example of the Act on Juveniles and Women Work of 1924

Maria Bosak-Sojka

Abstract


The article analyses the first Polish regulations concerning the employment of juveniles and women. In the original version, both entities were protected by a common, collective legal act. In addition to the normative analysis, the paper aims to indicate the emerging protective regulations and to highlight the threads considered today as the axiology of employment in relation to these particularly protected entities. The study was enriched with views expressed in the then literature on the subject and references to practice, as well as an assessment of the solutions used from the perspective of almost a hundred years from the enactment of the law. Due to the proposed temporal scope, the article is innovative, allowing at the same time to highlight the most important changes in the scope of the discussed matter. In perspective, this study will be used to evaluate the regulations currently in force, which are addressed separately to working women and juveniles.


Keywords


labour law; protective function of labour law; axiology; employment; protection of women’s work; protection of juveniles’ work

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References


LITERATURE

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MISCELLANEOUS

Circular letter of the M.P. and O.S. of 30 June 1948 on the amendment of Article 16 of the Act of 2 July 1924 (Official Journal of the M.P. and O.S., 15.7.1948, no. 11/31).

Circular letter no. 106/48 of the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare of 3 September 1948 on the performance of compulsory education by juveniles (Official Journal of the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, 20.9.1948, no. 14/34).

LEGAL ACTS

Act of 18 December 1919 on working time in industry and trade (Journal of Law 1920, no. 2, item 7).

Act of 2 July 1924 on juveniles and women work (Journal of Laws 1924, no. 65, item 636, as amended).

Act of 7 November 1931 amendments and supplements to certain provisions of the Act of 2 July 1924 on juveniles and women work (Journal of Laws 1931, no. 101, item 773).

Act of 28 April 1948 amending the Act of 2 July 1924 on juveniles and women work (Journal of Laws 1948, no. 27, item 182).

Act of 28 April 1948 amending the Act of 28 March 1933 on social insurance (Journal of Laws 1948, no. 27, item 183).

Act of 26 February 1951 amending the Act on juveniles and women work (Journal of Laws 1951, no. 12, item 94).

Decree of 29 September 1945 amending the Act of 2 July 1924 on juveniles and women work (Journal of Laws 1945, no. 43, item 236).

Decree of 2 August 1951 on work and vocational training of juveniles in workplaces (Journal of Laws 1951, no. 41, item 311).

International Convention the compulsory medical examination of children and young persons employed at sea, adopted as a draft on 11 November 1921 in Geneva at the General Conference of the International Labor Organization of the League of Nations (ratified pursuant to the Act of 19 December 1923) (Journal of Laws 1925, no. 54, item 388).

ILO Convention No. 3 on the employment of women before and after childbirth, 1919.

ILO Convention No. 4 on the employment of women at night, 1919.

ILO Convention No. 5 fixing the minimum age for admission of children to industrial employment, 1919.

ILO Convention No. 6 on the night work of young persons in industry, 1919.

ILO Convention No. 7 on the minimum age for admission of child labour in the navy, 1920.

ILO Convention No. 10 on the age of child labour in agriculture, 1921.

ILO Convention No. 13 on the use of white lead in painting, 1921.

ILO Convention No. 15 on the minimum age for admission of juveniles to work in sub-deck spaces and boiler rooms of 1921.

ILO Convention No. 16 compulsory medical inspection of children and young persons at work on ships, 1921.

ILO Convention No. 59 fixing the minimum age for admission of children to industrial employment (revised), 1937.

Regulation of the Council of Ministers of 17 November 1924 on the implementation of the Act of 2 July 1924 on juveniles and women work (Journal of Laws 1924, no. 105, item 954).

Regulation of the Minister of Labour and Social Welfare of 29 July 1925 in agreement with the Ministers: Industry and Trade, Internal Affairs, Military Affairs, Public Works, Railways and Treasury on the list of prohibited work for juveniles and women (Journal of Laws 1925, no. 81, item 558).

Regulation of the Minister of Labour and Social Welfare of 24 December 1931 on lists and inventories of juveniles (Journal of Laws 1931, no. 8, item 49).

Regulation of the Minister of Social Welfare of 3 October 1935 in agreement with the Ministers of: Industry and Trade, Internal Affairs, Military Affairs, Treasury, Agriculture and Agrarian Reforms, Communications, and Posts and Telegraphs on work forbidden to juveniles and women (Journal of Laws 1935, no. 78, item 484).

Regulation of the President of the Republic of Poland of 16 March 1928 on the contract of employment of intellectual workers (Journal of Laws 1928, no. 35, item 323).

Regulation of the President of the Republic of Poland of 16 March 1928 on the contract of employment of workers (Journal of Laws 1928, no. 35, item 324).

Regulation of the President of the Republic of Poland of 22 March 1928 on administrative proceedings (Journal of Laws 1928, no. 36, item 341).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/sil.2023.32.1.57-77
Date of publication: 2023-03-28 11:23:57
Date of submission: 2021-07-06 14:53:59


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