The Liberal Bases of EU Competition Policy and the Case of Gas Sector

Angelo Santagostino


The TFEU is not defining competition. The definition we propose is: A policy bound to: detect and deter cartels; avoid mergers leading to abuse of dominant position, control and prohibit State aid, promote liberalisations. This definitions contains the mail elements of the liberal theory of competition. The paper explores them: entry freedom, competition order, state aids and cartels. Liberalizations are strictly linked to Einaudi’s concept of “juridical possibility of having competition”. The third Gas Directive represents an example of this “juridical possibility”. Progresses in its application have been small. Furthermore the crisis has produced a sort of euro-sclerosis of the liberalization process. The revitalization of liberalisations is essential to regain growth in Europe.


liberalization, EU, competition, gas

Full Text:

PDF (Język Polski)


Einaudi L., La bellezza della lotta, [in:] Scritti Economici, Storici e Civili, Mondadori, 1973.

European Commission, Inquiry pursuant to Article 17 of Regulation (EC) No. 1/2003 into the European gas and electricity sectors, SEC (2006) 1724, 2006.

Eurostat, Database, 2014,

Galbraith J. K., American Capitalism: The concept of Countervailing Power, 1952.

Leboutte R., Histoire économique et sociale de la construction européenne, P. I. E. Peter Lang, Bruxelles, 2008.

McLachlan D.L., Swan D., Competition policy in the Common Market, “The Economic Journal”, Vol. 73, March 1963. DOI:

Melchionni M.G., Ducci R., La genèse des Traités de Rome, Economia, Paris, 2007.

Nemo P., Petitot J., Histore du Libéralisme en Europe. Puf. 2006.

Data publikacji: 2015-07-28 13:12:33
Data złożenia artykułu: 2015-07-28 10:07:12


Total abstract view - 465
Downloads (from 2020-06-17) - PDF (Język Polski) - 0



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.