What kind of /r/ is linking /r/? An analysis of the realization of /r/ in linking /r/ in RP on the basis of Polish phonetic books

Marcin Mizak

Abstract


The paper looks at the phenomenon of linking /r/ in RP and aims to find out what Polish phoneticians say the realization of linking /r/ in RP is on the basis of their books. During the inspection of the material it has transpired that it is not easy to find what the phonetic value of linking /r/ is. This is largely due to the inconsistencies among the scholars, some of whom say that it is the alveolar tap and some that it is the post-alveolar approximant that is the usual variant used for the linking context. The author concludes by recommending further research in this field. 


Keywords


linking /r/; allophone; alveolar tap; post-alveolar approximant; RP

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bałutowa B. (2003 [1999]): Wymowa angielska, czyli dlaczego nie rozumiemy Anglików i Amerykanów, a oni nas. Warszawa: Philip Wilson.

Bennett D. J. (2005): Logic Made Easy. New York, London: WWNorton & Company.

Cruttenden A. (2008 [1962]): Gimson’s Pronunciation of English. London: Hodder Education.

Gimson A. C. (1965 [1962]): An Introduction to the Pronunciation of English. London: Edward Arnold (Publishers) LTD.

Hołówka T. (2012): Kultura logiczna w przykładach. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Jassem W. (1971): Podręcznik wymowy angielskiej. Warszawa: PWN.

Jassem W. (1980): Fonetyka języka angielskiego. Warszawa: PWN.

Jassem W. (1983): The Phonology of Modern English. Warszawa: PWN.

Jassem W. (1995): Exercises in English Pronunciation. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Jones D. (1922 [1918]): An Outline of English Phonetics. New York: G. E. Stechert & Co.

Jones D. (1962 [1918]): An Outline of English Phonetics. Cambridge: W. Heffer & Sons Ltd.

Jones D. (2002 [1909]): The Pronunciation of English. Cambridge: CUP.

Ladefoged P. (1975): A Course in Phonetics. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.

Ladefoged P., Maddieson I. (1997 [1996]): The Sounds of the World’s Languages. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Laver J. (2002 [1994]): Principles of Phonetics. Cambridge: CUP.

Lindau M. (1985): The story of r. In: V. A. Fromkin (ed.), Phonetic Linguistics: Essays in Honour of Peter Ladefoged, pp. 157-168. New York: Academic Press.

Lodge K. (2010 [2009]): A Critical Introduction to Phonetics. London: Continuum.

Mańkowska A., Nowacka M., Kłoczowska M. (2009): How Much Wood Would a WoodChuck Chuck: English Pronunication Practice Book. Kraków-Rzeszów-Zamość: Konsorcjum Akademickie.

Miatliuk H. (2000): A Guide to Theoretical Phonetics. Białystok: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku.

Miatluk A., Szymaniuk D., Turłaj O. (2008): Contrastive Phonetics of English and Polish: Phonetic Interference. Białystok: Trans Humana.

Nowacka M., Cymbalista P., Kleparski G. A. (2011): Sally Meets Harry: Practical Primer to English Pronunciation and Spelling. Rzeszów: Rzeszów University Press.

O’Connor J. D. (2006 [1967]): Better English Pronunciation. Cambridge: CUP.

Ogden R. (2009): An Introduction to English Phonetics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press Ltd.

Palmer H. E. (1917): A First Course of English Phonetics. Cambridge: W. Heffer & Sons Ltd.

Pike K. L. (1943): Phonetics. A Critical Analysis of Phonetic Theory and a Technic for the Practical Description of Sounds. Ann Arbor. University of Michigan Press.

Porzuczek A., Rojczyk A., Arabski J. (2013): Praktyczny kurs wymowy angielskiej dla Polaków. Katowice: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.

Pring J. T. (1971 [1959]): Colloquial English pronunciation. London: Longman Group Limited.

Reszkiewicz A. (2005 [1981]): Correct your English Pronunciation. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Roach P. (1999 [1983]): English Phonetics and Phonology. A practical course. Cambridge: CUP.

Sobkowiak W. (1996): English Phonetics for Poles. Poznań: Bene Nati.

Szpyra-Kozłowska J. and Sobkowiak W. (2001): Workbook of English Phonetics [for Polish Students of English]. Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS.

Trask R. L. (1996): A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology. London and New York: Routledge.

Wells J.C. (1992 [1982]): Accents of English II. The British Isles. Cambridge: C.U.P.

Wiese R. (2001): The phonology of /r/. In: T. A. Hall (ed.), Distinctive Feature Theory, pp. 335-368. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Windsor Lewis J. (2016): Linking /r/ in the General British pronunciation of English. Adapted and updated from the Journal of the International Phonetic Association 1975 Vol. 5 no.1, pp 37-42. http://www.yek.me.uk/ Accessed 06.03.2016.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/lsmll.2016.40.1.151
Data publikacji: 2016-07-27 14:58:01
Data złożenia artykułu: 2016-03-30 19:25:58


Statistics


Total abstract view - 693
Downloads (from 2020-06-17) - PDF - 294

Indicators



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Marcin Mizak

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.