John Dickson Carr’s Early Detective Novels and the Gothic Convention.

Joanna Kokot

Abstract


Even if the Gothic romance may be considered as one of the predecessors of detective fiction, the world model proposed by the latter seems to exclude what was the essence of the former: the irrational underlying the proposed world model. However, some of detective novel writers deploy Gothic conventions in their texts, thus questioning the rational order of the reality presented there. Such a genological syncretism is typical - among others - of the novels by John Dickson Carr. The paper is an analysis of Gothic conventions and their functions in four earliest novels by Carr, featuring a French detective-protagonist, Henri Bencolin. It concentrates on elements of Gothic horror, on the atmosphere of terror as well as the motif of the past intruding the present.


Keywords


Carr, John Dickson; detective fiction; Gothic fiction; Grand Guignol

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ascari, M. (2007). A Counter-History of Crime Fiction. Supernatural, Gothic, Sensational. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Carr, J. D. (1960). Castle Skull. New York: A Berkeley Medallion Book.

Carr, J. D. (1964). The Three Coffins. In J. D. Carr. The John Dickson Carr Treasury. The Three Coffins. The Burning Court (pp. 1-187). New York, Garden City: Nelson Doubleday, Inc.

Carr, J. D. (1984). The Corpse in the Waxworks. New York: Collier Books, Macmillan Publishing Company.

Carr, J. D. (1985). The Lost Gallows. New York: Critic’s Choice Paperbacks, Loveran Publishing, Inc.

Carr, J. D. (1986). It Walks by Night. New York: Zebra Books, Kensington Publishing Corp.

Cook, M. (2014). Detective Fiction and the Ghost Story. The Haunted Text. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dine, S. S. van. (1946). Twenty Rules for Writing Detective Stories. In H. Haycraft (Ed.), The Art of Mystery Story (pp. 189-193). New York: Grosset and Dunlap.

Greene, D. G. (1991) John Dickson Carr: The Man Who Created Miracles. In J. D. Carr (Ed.), The Door To Doom and Other Detections (pp. 9-26). New York City: International Polygonics, Ltd.

Greene, D. G. (2008) John Dickson Carr. In C. Rollyson, & F. N. Magill (Ed.), Critical Survey of Mystery and Detective Fiction. Vol. 1. (pp. 251-257). Pasadena, Hackensack: Salem Press, Inc.

Knox, R. A. (1946). A Detective Story Decalogue. In H. Haycraft (Ed.), The Art of Mystery Story (pp. 194-196). New York: Grosset and Dunlap.

Kokot, J. (2015) Między zagadką a prozą obyczajową. Od powieści sensacyjnej lat 60. XIX wieku do utworów Agathy Christie. In A. Gemra (Ed.), Literatura kryminalna. Na tropie źródeł (pp. 75-98). Kraków: Wydawnictwo EMG.

Lotman, Y. M. (1977). Yuri Lotman’s Artistic Space in Gogol’s Prose: A Translation and Introduction (S. Toumanoff, Trans.). Stanford: Department of Slavonic Languages and Literatures, Stanford University.

Mighall, R. (1999). A Geography of Victorian Gothic Fiction. Mapping History’s Nightmares. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ostrowski, W. (1980). Początki powieści kryminalnej w Anglii. Acta Universitas Lodziensis, Nauki Humanistyczno-Społeczne, 99, 85-98.

Rowland, S. (2004). Margery Allingham’s Gothic: Genre as Cultural Criticism. Clues: A Journal of Detection, 23(1), 28-39.

Sayers, D. (1931). Introduction. In D. Sayers (Ed.), Great Short Stories of Detection, Mystery and Horror. Second Series (pp. 11-26). London: Victor Gollancz Ltd.

Smajiæ, S. (2010). Ghost-seers, Detectives, and Spiritualist: Theories of Vision in Victorian Literature and Science. New York: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/lsmll.2019.43.2.61-74
Data publikacji: 2019-07-03 11:00:36
Data złożenia artykułu: 2018-07-04 13:23:20

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Joanna Kokot

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.