Twarze i ich percepcja – kilka słów o tym, jak przetwarzamy ekspresję emocjonalną ludzkich twarzy, z uwzględnieniem roli wybranych cech osobowości w tym procesie

Ewelina Kamasz

Streszczenie w języku polskim


Twarze są bardzo ważnym bodźcem o znaczeniu adaptacyjnym, który ułatwia człowiekowi funkcjonowanie w społeczeństwie dzięki przekazywaniu wielu przydatnych informacji. Twarze przekazują informacje na temat tożsamości napotkanych osób, ich płci, rasy, stanu emocjonalnego, zainteresowań i atrakcyjności. Informacje te są odczytywane i interpretowane przez ludzi. Należy podkreślić, że tematyka percepcji twarzy była – w porównaniu do innych zagadnień związanych z poznaniem, takich jak pamięć, język czy uwaga – przez psychologów poznawczych badana niechętnie, a opisy percepcji twarzy we wczesnych podręcznikach psychologii poznawczej są nadzwyczaj skromne. Obszar związany z badaniami ekspresji mimicznej został o wiele lepiej opisany i rozpropagowany, głównie dzięki serii badań przeprowadzonych przez P. Ekmana i jego współpracowników. Badacze dysponują wiedzą na temat związków pomiędzy cechami osobowości a ekspresjami emocjonalnymi ludzkich twarzy. Wielu naukowców także uważa, że niemożliwe jest zrozumienie procesów ekspresji emocjonalnej bez wzięcia pod uwagę różnic indywidualnych. W niniejszym artykule przedstawiono teorie i badania dotyczące pamięci i percepcji twarzy.


Słowa kluczowe


percepcja twarzy; pamięć twarzy; ekspresja mimiczna; osobowość

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Bibliografia


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/j.2018.31.4.307-322
Data publikacji: 2019-04-26 10:22:50
Data złożenia artykułu: 2018-08-02 19:39:17

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